Settlement Pattern

Associated Documents (20)

Main AuthorPublished YearTitle
Allen, Martin G.A cross-cultural study of aggression and crime
Child, Irvin L. A cross-cultural study of drinking: iii. sex differences
Bacon, Margaret K.A cross-cultural study of drinking: ii. relations to other features of culture
Murdock, George PeterCorrelations of exploitative and settlement patterns
Robbins, Michael C. House types and settlement patterns
Osmond, Marie W.Toward monogamy: a cross-cultural study of correlates of type of marriage
Osmond, Marie W.A cross-cultural analysis of family organization
Cone, Cynthia A.Personality and subsistence: is the child the parent of the person?
Naroll, RaoulBorrowing versus migration as selection factors in cultural evolution
Bourguignon, ErikaPossession
Nimkoff, M. F.Types of family and types of economy
Schaefer, James MichaelData quality and modes of marriage: some holocultural evidence of systematic errors
Gershman, BorisThe economic origins of the evil eye belief
Evascu, Thomas L.A holocultural study of societal organization and modes of marriage: a general evolutionary model
McNett, Charles W., Jr.A settlement pattern scale of cultural complexity
Bourguignon, ErikaDiversity and homogeneity in world societies
Terry, Roger L.Dependence nurturance and monotheism: a cross-cultural study
Bourguignon, ErikaA cross-cultural study of dissociational states
Hrnčíř, VáclavIdentifying post-marital residence patterns in prehistory: A phylogenetic comparative analysis o...
Kavanagh, Patrick H.Drivers of global variation in land ownership

Associated Hypotheses (22)

Main AuthorHypothesis
Allen, Martin G."Only settlement pattern [of social structure variables] correlates significantly with aggression . . . indicating that permanent and stable patterns are associated with indirect, displaced, 'neurotic' patterns of aggression" (266)
Child, Irvin L. "Societies with sex differences [in drinking] tend to have a nomadic or rural settlement pattern, economy based on hunting, less accumulation of food resources, stronger child training toward achievement and more punishment of child for failure to achieve" (59)
Bacon, Margaret K."A high frequency of ceremonial drinking tends to occur in societies with a higher level of political integration and social stratification, a more densely populated settlement pattern and slavery" (40)
Murdock, George Peter"Societies with gathering, hunting, and pastoral economies tend to be nomadic or seminomadic [while societies with fishing, horticulture and agriculture economies tend to be semisedentary or sedentary]" (144)
Robbins, Michael C. "House ground plans [are] related to relative permanence of settlement pattern; . . . circular ground plans will tend to be associated with relatively impermenent or mobile settlement patterns, rectangular ground plans with more permanent or sedentary community settlement patterns" (7)
Osmond, Marie W."The following variables of societal organization significantly distinguish monogamous from polygynous societies: (1) type of subsistence economy; (2) system of social stratification; (3) level of political integration; (4) pattern of settlement . . ." (10)
Osmond, Marie W."The limited family [nuclear, stem and lineal] is found with complexity of economy, of stratification, and of settlement pattern; this type of family is associated with monogamous marriage and small family size" (304)
Cone, Cynthia A."Reported differences in personality descriptions among mixed farmers and pastoralists may be a result of a constellation of differences linked to the two types of economies" (295).
Bourguignon, ErikaSettlement pattern will vary according to world region (39).
Naroll, RaoulOver the general course of evolution during the past several thousand years [peaceful] borrowing has been at least as important a selection factor as has been [warlike] migration. Triads consisting of 1) base society 2) nearby society from different language family (borrowers) and 3) distant society from same language family as base society (migrators) were compared for eleven culture traits (209, 204)
Bourguignon, ErikaPossession-belief-only will be associated with nomadism; possession-trance belief will be associated with sedentarism (43).
Nimkoff, M. F."The extended family is found least often among purely nomadic or migratory bands and is most common among sedentary peoples with a fixed residence" (219)
Schaefer, James MichaelCoded data quality control factors will be associated with some aspects of mode of marriage.
Schaefer, James MichaelAn ordered category of mode of marriage (from gift exchange to dowry) will be associated with general scales of evolution (subisstence type, societal complexity, and settlement pattern).
Gershman, BorisIn weakly institutionalized traditional societies, the evil eye belief will be associated with wealth inequality.
Evascu, Thomas L."Results . . . support expected relationships between subsistence type and societal differentiation and [between]subsistence type and settlement pattern" (150, 156, 159)
McNett, Charles W., Jr.A 5-rank ordinal scale of cultural complexity, derived from settlement pattern typology, is presented (in increasing order of complexity): band, village, town, city and state. Linear regression analysis demonstrates an almost perfect relationship between settlement patterns and the average number of complex traits each culture possesses (872, 877)
Terry, Roger L.Monotheism and dependence nurturance during childhood will be inversely related on a societal level. "Societies in which independence is stressed during childhood were hypothesized to evidence monotheistic beliefs, while societies in which dependence is nurtured were expected not to evidence monotheism (p.176)."
Terry, Roger L.Monotheism and distance between married sons and their parents will be directly related on a societal level. "Societies that prescribe that married sons live close to their parents were hypothesized not to evidence monotheism, whereas societies that prescribe that married sons live far from their parents were hypothesized to be monothestic (p.176)."
Bourguignon, ErikaTrance types will be associated with societal characteristics (47-68).
Hrnčíř, VáclavMore permanent settlements are associated with larger house areas.
Kavanagh, Patrick H.A variety of ecological, economic, and anthropological factors will predict the prevalence of land ownership.

Associated OCMs

  1. settlement patterns
  2. urban and rural life
  3. residence