Cultures Covered

In the eHRAF World Cultures database the cultures and ethnic groups included are organized by regions (e.g. North America), subregions (e.g. Southwest) and subsistence types (e.g. hunter-gatherers).  Every year 20-30 cultures with approximately 40,000 pages are added to eHRAF World Cultures. About 25% is new ethnographic material and the remaining material is converted from HRAF’s previous microfiche collection for the cultures added to eHRAF.

In eHRAF World Cultures all collected, analyzed and indexed ethnographic documents for a culture can be found in the Browse Cultures section (Collection Documents tab).  The ethnographic documents can also be searched using Basic and/or Advanced Search.

The following list shows all of the culture names currently covered in the eHRAF World Cultures database. Below the table you can find links to PDF and Excel Files that include additional useful information, not displayed in the table.

OWC CodeeHRAF World Culture NameRegionSubregionSubsistence TypePSF SCCS SRS Begin Date A.D.Begin Date B.C.End Date A.D.N Docs N Pages eHRAF Installment
FF26IgboAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists2Yes9001996389273E51
FK07GandaAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes1Yes12001991294102E46
FJ22NuerAfricaEastern Africaagro-pastoralistsYes19251950242676E50
FP13OvimbunduAfricaSouthern Africahorticulturalists1Yes16001997132198E50
FK11BanyoroAfricaEastern AfricahorticulturalistsYes14501967171311E51
FK13BagisuAfricaEastern AfricahorticulturalistsYes189019894457E52
FL08GusiiAfricaEastern AfricahorticulturalistsYes19002001331700E54
FN31BenaAfricaEastern AfricahorticulturalistsYes193019657547E51
FR07Lakeshore TongaAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinationsYes185519557496E49
FX20ZuluAfricaSouthern Africaagro-pastoralists14501999475292E53
FX10AfricaSouthern Africahunter-gatherers
FS05ShonaAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinations9001996455280E60
FL17TurkanaAfricaEastern Africapastoralists18882004302025E58
FL19AfricaEastern Africanot assigned
FD06KpelleAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists19001996111839E56
FE12AkanAfricaWestern AfricahorticulturalistsYes410001990457457E48
FA16AfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalists
FO07AzandeAfricaCentral AfricahorticulturalistsYes718601950474041E47
FF57TivAfricaWestern AfricahorticulturalistsYes1219001982264155E46
MO04SomaliAfricaEastern AfricapastoralistsYes416001985332771E45
MS12HausaAfricaWestern Africaother subsistence combinationsYes318001981204329E45
FL12MaasaiAfricaEastern AfricapastoralistsYes418801975212571E44
MS30WolofAfricaWestern AfricahorticulturalistsYes1453104E47
FN04ChaggaAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists1880200382332E58
FL10GikuyuAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists319001950232064E57
MP05AmharaAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes112701981161909E46
FF62YorubaAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists18001994321470E56
FQ09LoziAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinationsYes519201960121770E43
MS22TedaAfricaCentral Africaagro-pastoralists31930200161009E58
FQ12TongaAfricaSouthern Africahorticulturalists18502004142050E60
FN17Nyakyusa and NgondeAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists619201950101313E58
FX13KhoiAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinations41900192011825E57
MW11ShluhAfricaNorthern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes1920197071884E43
FO42AfricaCentral Africanot assigned
FO04MbutiAfricaCentral Africahunter-gatherersYes31950197371549E43
FX10SanAfricaSouthern Africahunter-gatherers911999816656E53
MR13FellahinAfricaNorthern Africaintensive agriculturalists1187019509963E58
FT06TsongaAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinations218951989101377E58
MS25TuaregAfricaNorthern Africaagro-pastoralists119001960101078E57
FA16DogonAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes15001992315702E48
FA08BambaraAfricaWestern Africaother subsistence combinations215001954111565E55
FR05AfricaSouthern Africanot assigned
FH09AfricaWestern Africaother subsistence combinations
MX03Berbers of MoroccoAfricaNorthern Africaagro-pastoralists21890199211944E58
FJ23ShillukAfricaEastern Africaagro-pastoralists61900190015395E57
FQ06IlaAfricaSouthern Africahorticulturalists18931978131141E60
FE11TallensiAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalists719201950121280E57
FA28MossiAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalists13281973111257E56
MT09Libyan BedouinAfricaNorthern AfricapastoralistsYes152517E47
MS14KanuriAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes19501970121457E46
FF52NupeAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists18001990131366E60
MS37AfricaWestern Africanot assigned
FQ05BembaAfricaSouthern AfricahorticulturalistsYes719251940101314E45
FO32MongoAfricaCentral Africahorticulturalists1191019506875E57
FC07MendeAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists1191019508843E57
FT07AfricaSouthern Africanot assigned
MR14AfricaNorthern Africanot assigned
FL11LuoAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists18952000241216E58
FX14AfricaSouthern Africanot assigned
FL06AfricaEastern Africanot assigned
FY08TanalaAfricaSouthern Africaintensive agriculturalists1180019272345E56
FF38KatabAfricaWestern Africaother subsistence combinations175019839304E60
FO57RwandansAfricaCentral Africaagro-pastoralists161494E56
FO46SukuAfricaCentral Africahorticulturalists91920197010222E61
FO58BarundiAfricaCentral Africahorticulturalists7782E57
FA18FonAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists616001986151957E61
FL20OkiekAfricaEastern Africahunter-gatherers1908199217503E60
MP17KonsoAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists41500200210721E61
MP14KaffaAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists16495E59
FY11BetsileoAfricaSouthern Africaintensive agriculturalists1E51
MS20SonghaiAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalists2900198712861E62
OC13Rungus DusunAsiaSoutheast AsiahorticulturalistsYes19591992151040E50
OD09MentawaiansAsiaSoutheast AsiahorticulturalistsYes151323E49
AC07OkinawansAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes232995E49
AW16TamilAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes500242755E56
AW69BengaliAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes327174E50
AM01AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AF01AsiaEast Asianot assigned
AW01AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
AN01AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AO07AsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists
OA01AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AD05AsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists
OE05JavaneseAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists618501975172682E57
AJ01TibetansAsiaCentral Asiaintensive agriculturalists18801950162154E57
AU01AsiaCentral Asianot assigned
AA01KoreaAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes2658417E46
AO01AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AW66AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
AP01AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AN06SemaiAsiaSoutheast Asiahorticulturalists202044E59
OB01AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AL01AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AB43OkayamaAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists315601974171936E58
OA19IfugaoAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes7313431E47
AK06SherpaAsiaCentral Asiaagro-pastoralists19501993203557E52
AH07AsiaCentral Asianot assigned
AF16AsiaEast Asianot assigned
AF12AsiaEast Asianot assigned
OG11Eastern TorajaAsiaSoutheast AsiahorticulturalistsYes41892193262437E45
RX02NivkhAsiaNorth Asiaprimarily hunter-gatherers11850193082114E57
RY02ChukcheeAsiaNorth AsiapastoralistsYes217801930133026E44
AU04PashtunAsiaCentral Asiaother subsistence combinations18501990221915E50
AV07BurushoAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists31930196091202E55
RU04SamoyedAsiaNorth Asiaprimarily hunter-gatherers180019606392E59
AV01AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
AX04SinhaleseAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes18601980112489E45
AJ04AsiaCentral Asianot assigned
AF17AsiaEast Asianot assigned
AH06Inner MongoliaAsiaCentral Asiaagro-pastoralists11002000162780E54
AD01AsiaEast Asianot assigned
AG01AsiaEast Asianot assigned
OC06IbanAsiaSoutheast AsiahorticulturalistsYes518401990365204E43
AB06AinuAsiaEast Asiahunter-gatherers391526E56
AW60TodaAsiaSouth Asiapastoralists191697E57
AW32GondAsiaSouth Asiaother subsistence combinations11854200672744E58
RH01AsiaCaucasusnot assigned
AD05Taiwan HokkienAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes658311E43
AF15AsiaEast Asianot assigned
AH01MongoliaAsiaCentral Asiapastoralists112002000224768E54
AW42SantalAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes318201989112857E46
AF13AsiaEast Asianot assigned
OF07BalineseAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists519301950261662E57
AZ02AndamansAsiaSouth Asiahunter-gatherersYes219001975131450E43
AE09MonguorAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists1271194961467E53
AO07Central ThaiAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes618001993287448E48
AE05MiaoAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists19202000111296E56
AR05GaroAsiaSouth AsiahorticulturalistsYes218001990341968E47
AF14AsiaEast Asianot assigned
AW50BadagaAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists15501990111306E53
AW06AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
AW25BhilAsiaSouth Asiaagro-pastoralists8630E57
AK05LepchaAsiaCentral Asiaintensive agriculturalists218501950141732E51
AR07KhasiAsiaSouth Asiaother subsistence combinationsYes18701960231323E44
AW11AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
RV02YakutAsiaNorth Asiaother subsistence combinationsYes17001999181724E45
RQ02KazakhAsiaCentral Asiapastoralists218001950151017E58
AV04AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
AI01Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionAsiaCentral Asianot assigned20661002E61
RY03AsiaNorth Asianot assigned
RY04KoryaksAsiaNorth Asiaprimarily hunter-gatherers1750199671073E51
AW05AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
AN07SemangAsiaSoutheast Asiahunter-gatherers261305E55
AX05VeddaAsiaSouth Asiahunter-gatherers21900197841458E56
RI01AsiaCaucasusnot assigned
OF05AloreseAsiaSoutheast Asiahorticulturalists3193519405748E51
AV03AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
RL01AsiaCentral Asianot assigned
AW07AsiaSouth Asiacommercial economy
AW02AsiaSouth Asianot assigned
RR01AsiaNorth Asianot assigned
AE04YiAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists240010656E58
AE03AsiaEast Asianot assigned
OG06AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AW37KolAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists190019994478E60
AW17TeluguAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists195119724815E61
AW19Uttar PradeshAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists21920195012439E58
RL04AsiaCentral Asianot assigned
RI03AbkhaziansAsiaCaucasusagro-pastoralists1186419795469E56
AM11VietnameseAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists18412407E55
AN05MalaysAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists218701996223253E58
AM08AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AP07KarenAsiaSoutheast Asiaother subsistence combinations101277E59
AP06KachinAsiaSoutheast Asiahorticulturalists9903E59
AD04AsiaEast Asianot assigned
OF09AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
OA14AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
AM04CambodiansAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists111002006262429E59
AP04BurmansAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists2162129E59
OA05AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
OH04AsiaSoutheast Asianot assigned
RM02TurkmensAsiaCentral Asiaagro-pastoralists1E50
RO03Pamir PeoplesAsiaCentral Asiaagro-pastoralists1E50
AU07GhorbatAsiaCentral Asiacommercial economy1E50
AU05HazaraAsiaCentral Asiaintensive agriculturalists1E50
RN02KarakalpakAsiaCentral Asiaintensive agriculturalists1E50
AG04ManchuAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists114001957322872E59
OG13Southern TorajaAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists1900197971100E45
RN05UzbeksAsiaCentral Asianot assigned1E50
RO02TajiksAsiaCentral Asianot assigned1E50
AZ07NicobareseAsiaSouth Asiaother subsistence combinations2187120038633E61
RP02KyrgyzAsiaCentral Asiapastoralists1E50
AT02BaluchiAsiaSouth Asiapastoralists1E50
RU41NenetsAsiaNorth Asiaprimarily hunter-gatherers213821E59
EH01GreeksEuropeSoutheastern Europeintensive agriculturalistsYes800964982E51
EQ01IcelandersEuropeScandinaviaother subsistence combinationsYes1242199123716E52
R001EuropeEastern Europenot assigned
ES03British (1714-1815)EuropeBritish Islesintensive agriculturalists1714181583058E59
EB01EuropeCentral Europenot assigned
ES13EuropeBritish Islesnot assigned
EX08BasquesEuropeSouthern Europeother subsistence combinations1185383E49
EI09Imperial RomansEuropeSouthern Europeintensive agriculturalists427476165334E55
EA01EuropeCentral Europenot assigned
ES14EuropeBritish Islesnot assigned
EF06SerbsEuropeSoutheastern Europeintensive agriculturalistsYes5001990366083E45
EP04SaamiEuropeScandinaviapastoralistsYes217001990247299E44
EF01EuropeSoutheastern Europenot assigned
ES10EuropeBritish Islesother subsistence combinations
RD01EuropeEastern Europenot assigned
EG01AlbaniansEuropeSoutheastern Europeintensive agriculturalists41900200313617E59
ER06Rural IrishEuropeBritish Islesagro-pastoralists215001999332437E61
E001EuropeGeneral Europenot assigned
ES10Highland ScotsEuropeBritish Islesother subsistence combinationsYes19401980264275E43
EC01EuropeCentral Europenot assigned
EK01EuropeCentral Europenot assigned
ED01EuropeSoutheastern Europenot assigned
EZ06EuropeSouthern Europenot assigned
EE01EuropeSoutheastern Europenot assigned
RB05EuropeEastern Europenot assigned
EH14EuropeSoutheastern Europenot assigned
E016EuropeGeneral Europenot assigned
RG04EuropeEastern Europenot assigned
EO01EuropeScandinavianot assigned
RF01EuropeEastern Europenot assigned
RB01EuropeEastern Europenot assigned
RC01EuropeEastern Europenot assigned
EF05MontenegrinsEuropeSoutheastern Europeagro-pastoralists180019705767E45
EF04CroatsEuropeSoutheastern Europecommercial economy180019906901E45
EF09Bosnian MuslimsEuropeSoutheastern Europecommercial economy101163E45
EF07SlovenesEuropeSoutheastern Europeintensive agriculturalists185019754580E45
EQ02Early IcelandersEuropeScandinaviaother subsistence combinations874124224594E52
NV10Maya (Yucatán Peninsula)Middle America and the CaribbeanMaya AreahorticulturalistsYes173386E49
NU54Middle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexiconot assigned
NU44ZapotecMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexicohorticulturalists8000153511E56
SA12GarifunaMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Americahorticulturalists10002000233665E53
SY01JamaicansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeannot assigned1E51
NU07Middle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexiconot assigned
SB05KunaMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral AmericahorticulturalistsYes1218501999286070E47
SU01Middle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeancommercial economy
NU28Middle America and the CaribbeanNorthern Mexiconot assigned
NU33TarahumaraMiddle America and the CaribbeanNorthern Mexicoagro-pastoralistsYes18911983122551E45
NU07Middle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexiconot assigned
NW08Mam MayaMiddle America and the CaribbeanMaya Areahorticulturalists193019654545E57
SU01Puerto Ricans (Island)Middle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeancommercial economy18751900213046E59
NV09TzeltalMiddle America and the CaribbeanMaya AreahorticulturalistsYes19201970121453E43
SV03HaitiansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeancommercial economy119301950121898E59
NU37Middle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexiconot assigned
NU34Middle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexiconot assigned
NU31Middle America and the CaribbeanNorthern Mexiconot assigned
ST13Island CaribMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeanprimarily hunter-gatherers51492199217745E53
SA19TalamancansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Americaother subsistence combinations2176319508444E59
SA15MiskitoMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Americaprimarily hunter-gatherers11920194010677E58
NU44ZapotecMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexicohorticulturalists1E51
ST04DominicansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeannot assigned1E51
SX01CubansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeannot assigned1E51
NU46NahuaMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexicoother subsistence combinations1926199051312E57
NU19HuicholMiddle America and the CaribbeanNorthern Mexicoother subsistence combinations315302000252092E61
NU19HuicholMiddle America and the CaribbeanNorthern Mexicoother subsistence combinations1E51
M001Middle EastGeneral Middle Eastnot assigned
MA01IranMiddle EastMiddle Eastintensive agriculturalists2000665759E54
MJ01Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MG01Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MH01Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MB01TurksMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy65001994292316E59
MD01Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MD04Rwala BedouinMiddle EastMiddle Eastpastoralists11900197541169E56
MA11KurdsMiddle EastMiddle EastpastoralistsYes218901950131310E44
MI01Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MM02Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MM01Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
ME01Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
ML01YemenisMiddle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned1E51
MZ02Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MK04Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MK02Middle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned
MJ04BedouinMiddle EastMiddle Eastpastoralists188020036886E56
MA12LurMiddle EastMiddle Eastagro-pastoralists900081691E54
M013PalestiniansMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy18302000405777E53
MF01IsraelisMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy18702000204415E53
M013PalestiniansMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy1E51
MB01TurksMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy1E51
MF01IsraelisMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy1E51
MA10BasseriMiddle EastMiddle Eastpastoralists23210E55
NA10AlutiiqNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherersYes17742000352120E53
NS18PomoNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers3Yes18991976312584E49
NS29YokutsNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers2Yes17701979241236E50
NR06Chinookans of the Lower Columbia RiverNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherersYes1780189911766E52
NR17QuinaultNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherersYes7612E49
NS30YukiNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherersYes19657E51
NF04AssiniboineNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherersYes16401925212227E50
NT38Zia PuebloNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalistsYes158319789548E52
NT13NavajoNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinagro-pastoralists1598198925127528E52
NT13North AmericaSouthwest and Basinagro-pastoralists
NK04African AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy18001985173896E57
NT24North AmericaSouthwest and Basinnot assigned
N007ChicanosNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy19001999588660E50
NN08CherokeeNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsother subsistence combinations18501980466173E55
N010Italian AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy668150E49
NN05North AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturesnot assigned
NT09North AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalists
NF06North AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers
NT21Western ApacheNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinprimarily hunter-gatherers18791999495580E50
NM06AmishNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturesintensive agriculturalists17272002253162E56
NT19UteNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinhunter-gatherers18501970121409E55
NN16SeminoleNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandshorticulturalists394695E51
NP05FoxNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsother subsistence combinations16341991401909E60
NK05Puerto Ricans (Mainland)North AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy18501989509425E50
NA12North AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers
N009North American HmongNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy19751999344356E49
NG06OjibwaNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherersYes6179019905610774E48
NT16North AmericaSouthwest and Basinnot assigned
NT26North AmericaSouthwest and Basinnot assigned
NT28North AmericaSouthwest and Basinnot assigned
NM09IroquoisNorth AmericaEastern WoodlandshorticulturalistsYes16501990526567E44
NT25Mescalero ApacheNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinhunter-gatherers16501975131147E57
ND07ChipewyansNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers655583667E49
NT23ZuniNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalists415402000333448E56
N008North AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturesnot assigned
NT17North AmericaSouthwest and Basinnot assigned
NQ06North AmericaPlains and Plateaunot assigned
NN23Sea IslandersNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy18001988152909E54
NH06InnuNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers216001973181393E56
NT09HopiNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalistsYes60019906211234E48
ND08Copper InuitNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherersYes19383113E44
NA06AleutNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers318201960623980E54
ND09North AmericaArctic and Subarcticnot assigned
NQ12North AmericaPlains and Plateaunot assigned
NA12TlingitNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherersYes18001970296624E45
NT22North AmericaSouthwest and Basinnot assigned
NM07DelawareNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsprimarily hunter-gatherers211918E51
NQ18PawneeNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauprimarily hunter-gatherersYes118501920193725E46
NR10KlamathNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherersYes7121488E46
NO06ComancheNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers217861960161766E55
NE06NuxalkNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers418401999111685E58
NE11Nuu-chah-nulthNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers17701984171660E58
NQ10CrowNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers18042007251930E60
NQ17North AmericaPlains and Plateaunot assigned
NT18Tewa PueblosNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalists19001950171222E57
NS31YurokNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers218001904131234E58
NQ13Gros VentreNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers31772199881252E59
NF06BlackfootNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherersYes16001970355954E47
NJ05Mi'kmaqNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandshunter-gatherers215001991111354E58
NR19North AmericaPlains and Plateaunot assigned
NT14HavasupaiNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinother subsistence combinations21880196012779E58
NP12Winnebago/Ho-ChunkNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsprimarily hunter-gatherers186019508691E57
NR13Northern PaiuteNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinhunter-gatherers11920195010567E59
ND12KaskaNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers2180019456762E59
NN11CreekNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsprimarily hunter-gatherers26717E56
NT08Eastern ApacheNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinhunter-gatherers2193019406925E59
NT15North AmericaSouthwest and Basinnot assigned
NT20North AmericaSouthwest and Basinnot assigned
NR04North AmericaPlains and Plateaunot assigned
NS22TubatulabalNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers185019725244E61
NK06Chinese AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy18481980164254E43
N017Serbian AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy1850199011873E45
N019Korean AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy18501985182096E45
NC04Chinese CanadiansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy1850198071719E43
NC06Italian CanadiansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy18601999231795E49
NC05Arab CanadiansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy188019816546E47
NK09Arab AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy18991999321784E47
N011North American Hasidic JewsNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy19501990353678E44
NK08Cuban AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy19591999231636E46
N016North American ArmeniansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy101848E44
NK07Haitian AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy12793E46
NA08IngalikNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers31790197991502E61
NG08Western Woods CreeNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers8202E55
NF12StoneyNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers170019799548E50
NO12CajunsNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturesother subsistence combinations17901989193494E43
NU79O'odhamNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinother subsistence combinations316871988171865E58
N018Basque AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturespastoralists18501985101762E45
NQ22OsageNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauprimarily hunter-gatherers1670200112738E58
NQ21OmahaNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauprimarily hunter-gatherers41870200181507E58
NT43MaricopaNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinprimarily hunter-gatherers177419837530E60
OO12MalekulaOceaniaMelanesiahorticulturalistsYes18751925102126E50
OU09TongansOceaniaPolynesiahorticulturalists177020021128771E54
OR15BelauOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations119141981162064E58
OI08ArandaOceaniaAustraliahunter-gatherersYes118991920472707E44
OZ04MaoriOceaniaPolynesiaprimarily hunter-gatherers418002003112875E56
OR19ChuukOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinationsYes6313077E47
OU08SamoansOceaniaPolynesiahorticulturalists118301990163388E56
OL06TrobriandsOceaniaMelanesiahorticulturalistsYes2219151990576268E43
OT11TikopiaOceaniaPolynesiahorticulturalistsYes2419101969293135E43
OR21Woleai RegionOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations18101950293698E55
OR11MarshalleseOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations418101950161864E58
OR22YapeseOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations1018701970272573E54
OI17OceaniaAustralianot assigned
OM06ManusOceaniaMelanesiahunter-gatherers718701992152626E53
OJ23OceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations
OX06MarquesasOceaniaPolynesiaother subsistence combinations11775195581172E58
OQ06Lau FijiansOceaniaPolynesiaother subsistence combinationsYes131227E44
OY02Rapa NuiOceaniaPolynesiahorticulturalists12001997221019E61
OJ29KapaukuOceaniaMelanesiaintensive agriculturalistsYes391079E46
OL07Northeastern MassimOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations1845199910835E60
OZ11OceaniaPolynesianot assigned
ON06OceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations
OJ27WogeoOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations1932194919751E60
OJ23OrokaivaOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations218991989322634E52
OI20TiwiOceaniaAustraliahunter-gatherers218001970121502E56
OJ13KwomaOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations2193519386763E57
OM10OceaniaMelanesianot assigned
ON13Santa Cruz IslandersOceaniaMelanesiahorticulturalists1899196013840E51
OI19OceaniaAustralianot assigned
ON19SiwaiOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations41850198581101E61
OM24LesuOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations4192519308492E59
ON26TinputzOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations192919304796E60
OR20UlithiOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations3791E55
OV05HawaiiansOceaniaPolynesiaother subsistence combinations17991999285145E51
SQ19TukanoSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinationsYes1Yes183280E46
SE26ShipiboSouth AmericaAmazon and OrinocohorticulturalistsYes19501989251303E50
SD13South AmericaCentral Andesnot assigned
SE13InkaSouth AmericaCentral Andesintensive agriculturalists1012001600248613E53
SS18South AmericaAmazon and Orinocohunter-gatherers
SH04OnaSouth AmericaSouthern South Americahunter-gatherersYes1850194062456E44
SI12South AmericaSouthern South Americanot assigned
SF05AymaraSouth AmericaCentral AndeshorticulturalistsYes118601980172246E43
SH06YahganSouth AmericaSouthern South Americahunter-gatherers21800192541764E51
SO09TupinambaSouth AmericaEastern South Americaprimarily hunter-gatherers515501700281434E51
SF10South AmericaSouthern South Americanot assigned
SD09JivaroSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohorticulturalists315401990312686E54
SR08South AmericaAmazon and Orinoconot assigned
SG04MapucheSouth AmericaCentral Andesintensive agriculturalists414502002101420E56
SO11Bahia BraziliansSouth AmericaEastern South Americaintensive agriculturalistsYes15701999102454E47
SC07KogiSouth AmericaNorthwestern South AmericahorticulturalistsYes19141980121126E45
SQ18YanoamaSouth AmericaAmazon and OrinocohorticulturalistsYes319501987121116E43
SP07BakairiSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinations1884199981280E52
SP08BororoSouth AmericaEastern South Americahunter-gatherersYes19001983111352E44
SD06ChachiSouth AmericaNorthwestern South Americaother subsistence combinations11820196081057E59
SC13GoajiroSouth AmericaNorthwestern South Americapastoralists418801955141036E59
SS18WaraoSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohunter-gatherers1382911E49
SC15South AmericaNorthwestern South Americanot assigned
SF21SirionóSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohunter-gatherers28973E55
SP09South AmericaEastern South Americanot assigned
SQ13MundurucuSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers519501981171176E51
SH05TehuelcheSouth AmericaSouthern South Americahunter-gatherers21820192010861E55
SS16South AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinations
SI07MatacoSouth AmericaSouthern South Americaprimarily hunter-gatherersYes187519859934E45
SR09Barama River CaribSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers1192019733494E56
SK06South AmericaSouthern South Americanot assigned
SM04GuaraníSouth AmericaEastern South Americaother subsistence combinationsYes1101356E46
SI04AbipónSouth AmericaSouthern South Americahunter-gatherers1180018203465E57
SP17NambicuaraSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers41900195013547E57
SF24Uru-ChipayaSouth AmericaCentral Andesother subsistence combinations143819809611E60
SK07South AmericaSouthern South Americanot assigned
SO08CanelaSouth AmericaEastern South Americaprimarily hunter-gatherers14858E59
SP22TapirapéSouth AmericaEastern South Americaother subsistence combinations1930195310711E57
SM03XoklengSouth AmericaEastern South Americahunter-gatherers17340E59
SS19PuméSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinations1920200717570E60
SQ20TicunaSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers187019354247E57
SP23TrumaiSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers1193019502129E57
SD15Quito QuichuaSouth AmericaCentral Andesagro-pastoralists193619784361E57
SD17Saraguro QuichuaSouth AmericaCentral Andesagro-pastoralists195520026672E57
SD18Canelos QuichuaSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohorticulturalists196819834439E57
SR14NdyukaSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohorticulturalists172400E47
SD16Otavalo QuichuaSouth AmericaCentral Andeshorticulturalists194020014598E57
SR15SaramakaSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinationsYes171937E47
SM05TerenaSouth AmericaSouthern South Americaprimarily hunter-gatherers5400E58

Latest Update: August 8, 2016

Related Links

The Excel file also includes sequence and installment numbers, OWC codes, region coverage (including subregions), date coverage (beginning and ending dates for cultural materials), subsistence and sample (PSF and SRS) types. The sequence numbers for each culture name make the excel table useful for generating a random sample from eHRAF. Visit the Cross-Cultural Research section to learn more about random sampling.

 

 

 

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