Cultures Covered

In the eHRAF World Cultures database the cultures and ethnic groups included are organized by regions (e.g. North America), subregions (e.g. Southwest) and subsistence types (e.g. hunter-gatherers).  Every year 20-30 cultures with approximately 40,000 pages are added to eHRAF World Cultures. About 25% is new ethnographic material and the remaining material is converted from HRAF’s previous microfiche collection for the cultures added to eHRAF.

In eHRAF World Cultures all collected, analyzed and indexed ethnographic documents for a culture can be found in the Browse Cultures section (Collection Documents tab).  The ethnographic documents can also be searched using Basic and/or Advanced Search.

The following list shows all of the culture names currently covered in the eHRAF World Cultures database. Below the table you can find links to PDF and Excel Files that include additional useful information, not displayed in the table.

OWC CodeeHRAF World Cultures NameRegionSubregionSubsistence TypePSFSCCS SCCS SRS N Docs N Pages                                      
FO57RwandansAfricaCentral Africaagro-pastoralists161494
MS22TedaAfricaCentral Africaagro-pastoralists3s1-361009
FO07AzandeAfricaCentral AfricahorticulturalistsYes6s1-6474039
FO32MongoAfricaCentral Africahorticulturalists1s1-16875
FO46SukuAfricaCentral Africahorticulturalists9s3-910222
FO58BarundiAfricaCentral Africahorticulturalists7782
FO04MbutiAfricaCentral Africahunter-gatherersYes3s1-371549
FJ22NuerAfricaEastern Africaagro-pastoralistsYes242628
FJ23ShillukAfricaEastern Africaagro-pastoralists6S1-615395
FK11BanyoroAfricaEastern AfricahorticulturalistsYes171311
FK13BagisuAfricaEastern AfricahorticulturalistsYes4457
FL08GusiiAfricaEastern AfricahorticulturalistsYes331700
FN31BenaAfricaEastern AfricahorticulturalistsYes7547
FL20OkiekAfricaEastern Africahunter-gatherers17504
FK07GandaAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes1S1-1Yes294098
FL10GikuyuAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists3s1-3 232064
FL11LuoAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists241216
FN04ChaggaAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists82332
FN17Nyakyusa and NgondeAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists6s1-6101313
MP05AmharaAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes1s1-1161909
MP14KaffaAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists1s3-16495
MP17KonsoAfricaEastern Africaintensive agriculturalists4s1-410721
FL12MaasaiAfricaEastern AfricapastoralistsYes4s1-4212571
FL17TurkanaAfricaEastern Africapastoralists302025
MO04SomaliAfricaEastern AfricapastoralistsYes4s1-4332771
MS25TuaregAfricaNorthern Africaagro-pastoralists1s1-1101078
MX03Berbers of MoroccoAfricaNorthern Africaagro-pastoralists2s1-211944
MR13FellahinAfricaNorthern Africaintensive agriculturalists1s1-19963
MW11ShluhAfricaNorthern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes71884
MT09Libyan BedouinAfricaNorthern AfricapastoralistsYes152515
FX20ZuluAfricaSouthern Africaagro-pastoralists475292
FP13OvimbunduAfricaSouthern Africahorticulturalists1s2-1Yes132198
FQ05BembaAfricaSouthern AfricahorticulturalistsYes6s1-6101300
FQ06IlaAfricaSouthern Africahorticulturalists131141
FQ12TongaAfricaSouthern Africahorticulturalists142050
FX10SanAfricaSouthern Africahunter-gatherers9s1-9816655
FY08TanalaAfricaSouthern Africaintensive agriculturalists1s1-12345
FY11BetsileoAfricaSouthern Africaintensive agriculturalists112
FQ09LoziAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinationsYes4s1-4121770
FR07Lakeshore TongaAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinationsYes7496
FS05ShonaAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinations455280
FT06TsongaAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinations2s1-2101377
FX13KhoiAfricaSouthern Africaother subsistence combinations4s1-411825
FA18FonAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists6S2-6151957
FC07MendeAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists1s1-18843
FD06KpelleAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists111839
FE12AkanAfricaWestern AfricahorticulturalistsYes4s1-3,s3-1456799
FF26IgboAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists2s1-1,s2-1Yes389273
FF52NupeAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists131365
FF57TivAfricaWestern AfricahorticulturalistsYes12s1-12264143
FF62YorubaAfricaWestern Africahorticulturalists321470
MS30WolofAfricaWestern AfricahorticulturalistsYes1s1-1453104
FA16DogonAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes315461
FA28MossiAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalists111257
FE11TallensiAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalists7s1-7121280
MS14KanuriAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalistsYes121457
MS20SonghaiAfricaWestern Africaintensive agriculturalists2s1-212863
FA08BambaraAfricaWestern Africaother subsistence combinations2s1-2111565
FF38KatabAfricaWestern Africaother subsistence combinations9304
MS12HausaAfricaWestern Africaother subsistence combinationsYes3s1-2,s2-1204272
RI03AbkhaziansAsiaCaucasusagro-pastoralists1s1-15469
AH06Inner MongoliaAsiaCentral Asiaagro-pastoralists162780
AK06SherpaAsiaCentral Asiaagro-pastoralists203557
RM02TurkmensAsiaCentral Asiaagro-pastoralists110
RO03Pamir PeoplesAsiaCentral Asiaagro-pastoralists18
AU07GhorbatAsiaCentral Asiacommercial economy16
AJ01TibetansAsiaCentral Asiaintensive agriculturalists162154
AK05LepchaAsiaCentral Asiaintensive agriculturalists2s1-2141732
AU05HazaraAsiaCentral Asiaintensive agriculturalists17
RN02KarakalpakAsiaCentral Asiaintensive agriculturalists19
AI01Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous RegionAsiaCentral Asianot assigned61002
RN05UzbeksAsiaCentral Asianot assigned113
RO02TajiksAsiaCentral Asianot assigned19
AU04PashtunAsiaCentral Asiaother subsistence combinations221915
AH01MongoliaAsiaCentral Asiapastoralists1s1-1224768
RP02KyrgyzAsiaCentral Asiapastoralists111
RQ02KazakhAsiaCentral Asiapastoralists2s1-2151017
AB06AinuAsiaEast Asiahunter-gatherers3s1-391526
AA01KoreaAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes2s1-2658417
AB43OkayamaAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists3s1-3171936
AC07OkinawansAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes232995
AD05Taiwan HokkienAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes658207
AE04YiAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists2s1-210656
AE05MiaoAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists111295
AE09MonguorAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists61467
AG04ManchuAsiaEast Asiaintensive agriculturalists1s1-1322873
RV02YakutAsiaNorth Asiaother subsistence combinationsYes181724
RY02ChukcheeAsiaNorth AsiapastoralistsYes2s1-1,s2-1133026
RU04SamoyedAsiaNorth Asiaprimarily hunter-gatherers6392
RU41NenetsAsiaNorth Asiaprimarily hunter-gatherers2s1-213821
RX02NivkhAsiaNorth Asiaprimarily hunter-gatherers1s1-182114
RY04KoryaksAsiaNorth Asiaprimarily hunter-gatherers71073
AW25BhilAsiaSouth Asiaagro-pastoralists8630
AR05GaroAsiaSouth AsiahorticulturalistsYes2s1-2341968
AX05VeddaAsiaSouth Asiahunter-gatherers2s1-24903
AZ02AndamansAsiaSouth Asiahunter-gatherersYes2s2-2131382
AV07BurushoAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists3s1-391202
AW16TamilAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes242753
AW17TeluguAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists4820
AW19Uttar PradeshAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists2s1-212439
AW37KolAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists4482
AW42SantalAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes3s1-3112857
AW50BadagaAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalists111306
AW69BengaliAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes323847
AX04SinhaleseAsiaSouth Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes112489
AR07KhasiAsiaSouth Asiaother subsistence combinationsYes231323
AW32GondAsiaSouth Asiaother subsistence combinations1s1-172744
AZ07NicobareseAsiaSouth Asiaother subsistence combinations2s1-28633
AT02BaluchiAsiaSouth Asiapastoralists17
AW60TodaAsiaSouth Asiapastoralists1s1-191697
AN06SemaiAsiaSoutheast Asiahorticulturalists202047
AP06KachinAsiaSoutheast Asiahorticulturalists9912
OC06IbanAsiaSoutheast AsiahorticulturalistsYes4s1-4365140
OC13Rungus DusunAsiaSoutheast AsiahorticulturalistsYes151040
OD09MentawaiansAsiaSoutheast AsiahorticulturalistsYes151323
OF05AloreseAsiaSoutheast Asiahorticulturalists3s1-35748
OG11Eastern TorajaAsiaSoutheast AsiahorticulturalistsYes4s1-462437
AN07SemangAsiaSoutheast Asiahunter-gatherers2s1-261305
AM04CambodiansAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists1s1-1262429
AM11VietnameseAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists1s1-18412393
AN05MalaysAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists2s1-2223253
AO07Central ThaiAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes6s1-6286636
AP04BurmansAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists2s1-2162129
OA19IfugaoAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalistsYes7s1-7313430
OE05JavaneseAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists6s1-6172682
OF07BalineseAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists5s1-4,s2-1261662
OG13Southern TorajaAsiaSoutheast Asiaintensive agriculturalists71100
AP07KarenAsiaSoutheast Asiaother subsistence combinations101288
ER06Rural IrishEuropeBritish Islesagro-pastoralists2s1-2332437
ES03British (1714-1815)EuropeBritish Islesintensive agriculturalists83058
ES10Highland ScotsEuropeBritish Islesother subsistence combinationsYes264275
EQ01IcelandersEuropeScandinaviaother subsistence combinationsYes23716
EQ02Early IcelandersEuropeScandinaviaother subsistence combinations24594
EP04SaamiEuropeScandinaviapastoralistsYes2s1-1,s2-1247299
EF05MontenegrinsEuropeSoutheastern Europeagro-pastoralists5767
EF04CroatsEuropeSoutheastern Europecommercial economy6901
EF09Bosnian MuslimsEuropeSoutheastern Europecommercial economy101163
EF06SerbsEuropeSoutheastern Europeintensive agriculturalistsYes375618
EF07SlovenesEuropeSoutheastern Europeintensive agriculturalists4580
EG01AlbaniansEuropeSoutheastern Europeintensive agriculturalists4s1-413626
EH01GreeksEuropeSoutheastern Europeintensive agriculturalistsYes964982
EI09Imperial RomansEuropeSouthern Europeintensive agriculturalists4s1-4165334
EX08BasquesEuropeSouthern Europeother subsistence combinations185383
SU01Puerto Ricans (Island)Middle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeancommercial economy213046
SV03HaitiansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeancommercial economy1s1-1121898
ST04DominicansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeannot assigned110
SX01CubansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeannot assigned19
SY01JamaicansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeannot assigned18
ST13Island CaribMiddle America and the CaribbeanCaribbeanprimarily hunter-gatherers5s1-517745
SA12GarifunaMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Americahorticulturalists233665
SB05KunaMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral AmericahorticulturalistsYes1212286070
SA19TalamancansMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Americaother subsistence combinations2s1-28444
SA15MiskitoMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Americaprimarily hunter-gatherers1s1-110677
NU44ZapotecMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexicohorticulturalists153511
NU46NahuaMiddle America and the CaribbeanCentral Mexicoother subsistence combinations51312
NV09TzeltalMiddle America and the CaribbeanMaya AreahorticulturalistsYes121453
NV10Maya (Yucatán Peninsula)Middle America and the CaribbeanMaya AreahorticulturalistsYes173386
NW08Mam MayaMiddle America and the CaribbeanMaya Areahorticulturalists4545
NU33TarahumaraMiddle America and the CaribbeanNorthern Mexicoagro-pastoralistsYes122551
NU19HuicholMiddle America and the CaribbeanNorthern Mexicoother subsistence combinations3s1-2,s2-1252092
MA12LurMiddle EastMiddle Eastagro-pastoralists81691
M013PalestiniansMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy405777
MB01TurksMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy6s1-6292316
MF01IsraelisMiddle EastMiddle Eastcommercial economy204127
MA01IranMiddle EastMiddle Eastintensive agriculturalists665759
ML01YemenisMiddle EastMiddle Eastnot assigned18
MA10BasseriMiddle EastMiddle Eastpastoralists2s1-23210
MA11KurdsMiddle EastMiddle EastpastoralistsYes2s1-2131310
MD04Rwala BedouinMiddle EastMiddle Eastpastoralists1s1-141169
MJ04BedouinMiddle EastMiddle Eastpastoralists6886
NA06AleutNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers3s1-2,s2-1623980
NA08IngalikNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers3s1-391507
NA10AlutiiqNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherersYes352120
ND07ChipewyansNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers583649
ND08Copper InuitNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherersYes19s1-19383113
ND12KaskaNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers2s1-26762
NG06OjibwaNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherersYes6s1-5,s2-1567973
NG08Western Woods CreeNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers8202
NH06InnuNorth AmericaArctic and Subarctichunter-gatherers2s1-2181393
NM09IroquoisNorth AmericaEastern WoodlandshorticulturalistsYes526517
NN16SeminoleNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandshorticulturalists394691
NJ05Mi'kmaqNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandshunter-gatherers2s1-2111354
NN08CherokeeNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsother subsistence combinations464559
NP05FoxNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsother subsistence combinations401938
NM07DelawareNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsprimarily hunter-gatherers211918
NN11CreekNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsprimarily hunter-gatherers2s1-26717
NP12Winnebago/Ho-ChunkNorth AmericaEastern Woodlandsprimarily hunter-gatherers8691
NA12TlingitNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherersYes296624
NE06NuxalkNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers4s1-4111685
NE11Nuu-chah-nulthNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers171660
NR06Chinookans of the Lower Columbia RiverNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherersYes11766
NR17QuinaultNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherersYes7612
NS18PomoNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers3s1-3Yes312583
NS22TubatulabalNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers5244
NS29YokutsNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers2s1-2Yes241236
NS30YukiNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherersYes19657
NS31YurokNorth AmericaNorthwest Coast and Californiahunter-gatherers2s1-1,s2-1131238
NF04AssiniboineNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherersYes211684
NF06BlackfootNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherersYes355952
NF12StoneyNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers9548
NO06ComancheNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers2s1-2161766
NQ10CrowNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers251935
NQ13Gros VentreNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherers3s1-2,s2-181252
NR10KlamathNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauhunter-gatherersYes7s1-4,s2-3121488
NQ18PawneeNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauprimarily hunter-gatherersYes1s1-1193669
NQ21OmahaNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauprimarily hunter-gatherers4s1-481507
NQ22OsageNorth AmericaPlains and Plateauprimarily hunter-gatherers12738
N007ChicanosNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy588660
N009North American HmongNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy344356
N010Italian AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy668150
N011North American Hasidic JewsNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy353678
N016North American ArmeniansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy101848
N017Serbian AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy11873
N019Korean AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy182096
NC04Chinese CanadiansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy71719
NC05Arab CanadiansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy6546
NC06Italian CanadiansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy231795
NK04African AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy173897
NK05Puerto Ricans (Mainland)North AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy505482
NK06Chinese AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy164254
NK07Haitian AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy12793
NK08Cuban AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy231636
NK09Arab AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy321784
NN23Sea IslandersNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturescommercial economy152909
NM06AmishNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturesintensive agriculturalists253162
NO12CajunsNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturesother subsistence combinations193494
N018Basque AmericansNorth AmericaRegional and Ethnic Culturespastoralists101762
NT13NavajoNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinagro-pastoralists25127282
NR13Northern PaiuteNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinhunter-gatherers1s1-110572
NT08Eastern ApacheNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinhunter-gatherers2s1-1,s2-16925
NT19UteNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinhunter-gatherers121409
NT25Mescalero ApacheNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinhunter-gatherers131147
NT09HopiNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalistsYes6210507
NT18Tewa PueblosNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalists171222
NT23ZuniNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalists4s1-4333448
NT38Zia PuebloNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinintensive agriculturalistsYes9548
NT14HavasupaiNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinother subsistence combinations2s1-1,s2-112779
NU79O'odhamNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinother subsistence combinations3s2-3171865
NT21Western ApacheNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinprimarily hunter-gatherers495580
NT43MaricopaNorth AmericaSouthwest and Basinprimarily hunter-gatherers7530
OI08ArandaOceaniaAustraliahunter-gatherersYes1s1-1472707
OI20TiwiOceaniaAustraliahunter-gatherers2s1-1,s2-112960
OL06TrobriandsOceaniaMelanesiahorticulturalistsYes22s1-21,s2-1576268
ON13Santa Cruz IslandersOceaniaMelanesiahorticulturalists13841
OO12MalekulaOceaniaMelanesiahorticulturalistsYes102126
OM06ManusOceaniaMelanesiahunter-gatherers7s1-5,s2-2152626
OJ29KapaukuOceaniaMelanesiaintensive agriculturalistsYes3s1-391072
OJ13KwomaOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations2s1-26763
OJ23OrokaivaOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations2s1-2322634
OJ27WogeoOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations19751
OL07Northeastern MassimOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations10835
OM24LesuOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations4s1-48492
ON19SiwaiOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations4s1-481105
ON26TinputzOceaniaMelanesiaother subsistence combinations4796
OR11MarshalleseOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations4s1-3,s2-1161864
OR15BelauOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations1s1-1161696
OR19ChuukOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinationsYes6s1-5,s2-1313077
OR20UlithiOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations3791
OR21Woleai RegionOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations293698
OR22YapeseOceaniaMicronesiaother subsistence combinations10s1-10272573
OT11TikopiaOceaniaPolynesiahorticulturalistsYes23s1-23293089
OU08SamoansOceaniaPolynesiahorticulturalists1s1-1163388
OU09TongansOceaniaPolynesiahorticulturalists1128771
OY02Rapa NuiOceaniaPolynesiahorticulturalists221019
OQ06Lau FijiansOceaniaPolynesiaother subsistence combinationsYes131227
OV05HawaiiansOceaniaPolynesiaother subsistence combinations285145
OX06MarquesasOceaniaPolynesiaother subsistence combinations1S2-181172
OZ04MaoriOceaniaPolynesiaprimarily hunter-gatherers4S1-4112875
SD09JivaroSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohorticulturalists3S1-3312686
SD18Canelos QuichuaSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohorticulturalists4439
SE26ShipiboSouth AmericaAmazon and OrinocohorticulturalistsYes251303
SQ18YanoamaSouth AmericaAmazon and OrinocohorticulturalistsYes3s1-3121116
SR14NdyukaSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohorticulturalists172393
SF21SirionóSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohunter-gatherers2s1-28973
SS18WaraoSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocohunter-gatherers1s1-1382911
SP07BakairiSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinations81280
SQ19TukanoSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinationsYes1s1-1Yes183280
SR15SaramakaSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinationsYes1s1-171937
SS19PuméSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoother subsistence combinations17572
SP17NambicuaraSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers4s1-413547
SP23TrumaiSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers1s1-12129
SQ13MundurucuSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers5s1-5171176
SQ20TicunaSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers4247
SR09Barama River CaribSouth AmericaAmazon and Orinocoprimarily hunter-gatherers1s1-13494
SD15Quito QuichuaSouth AmericaCentral Andesagro-pastoralists4325
SD17Saraguro QuichuaSouth AmericaCentral Andesagro-pastoralists6672
SD16Otavalo QuichuaSouth AmericaCentral Andeshorticulturalists4598
SF05AymaraSouth AmericaCentral AndeshorticulturalistsYes1s1-1172246
SE13InkaSouth AmericaCentral Andesintensive agriculturalists10s1-10244314
SG04MapucheSouth AmericaCentral Andesintensive agriculturalists4s1-4101420
SF24Uru-ChipayaSouth AmericaCentral Andesother subsistence combinations9617
SM03XoklengSouth AmericaEastern South Americahunter-gatherers1s1-17340
SP08BororoSouth AmericaEastern South Americahunter-gatherersYes111352
SO11Bahia BraziliansSouth AmericaEastern South Americaintensive agriculturalistsYes102453
SM04GuaraníSouth AmericaEastern South Americaother subsistence combinationsYes1s1-1101356
SP22TapirapéSouth AmericaEastern South Americaother subsistence combinations10711
SO08CanelaSouth AmericaEastern South Americaprimarily hunter-gatherers1s1-14858
SO09TupinambaSouth AmericaEastern South Americaprimarily hunter-gatherers5s1-5281432
SC07KogiSouth AmericaNorthwestern South AmericahorticulturalistsYes121126
SD06ChachiSouth AmericaNorthwestern South Americaother subsistence combinations1S1-181057
SC13GoajiroSouth AmericaNorthwestern South Americapastoralists4S1-3,S2-1141036
SH04OnaSouth AmericaSouthern South Americahunter-gatherersYes62456
SH05TehuelcheSouth AmericaSouthern South Americahunter-gatherers2s1-210861
SH06YahganSouth AmericaSouthern South Americahunter-gatherers2s2-241722
SI04AbipónSouth AmericaSouthern South Americahunter-gatherers1s1-13465
SI07MatacoSouth AmericaSouthern South Americaprimarily hunter-gatherersYes9934
SM05TerenaSouth AmericaSouthern South Americaprimarily hunter-gatherers5400

Latest Update: August 8, 2016

Related Links

The Excel file also includes sequence and installment numbers, OWC codes, region coverage (including subregions), date coverage (beginning and ending dates for cultural materials), subsistence and sample (PSF and SRS) types. The sequence numbers for each culture name make the excel table useful for generating a random sample from eHRAF. Visit the Cross-Cultural Research section to learn more about random sampling.

 

 

 

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