Children's play and work: the relevance of cross-cultural ethnographic research for archaeologists

Childhood in the Past: an International Journal Vol/Iss. 8(2) Oxbow Books Oxford, England Published In Pages: 87-103
By Ember, Carol R., Cunnar, Christiane M.


Cross-cultural variation in children's degree of economic work (ages 6-10) is linked to predominant subsistence strategy.


Children in hunter-gatherer societies generally do the least, pastoralists the most. Significant differences when comparing boys and girls separately. Girls usually do more work than boys.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Kruskal-Wallis H TestSupportedp<.001UNKNOWNUNKNOWN