A re-examination of the cross-cultural principles of task segregation and sex role differentiation in the family

American Sociological Review Vol/Iss. 40 Published In Pages: 12-20
By Crano, Joel, Crano, William D.


"If . . . males have assumed the role of instrumental specialist within the family, then women's contribution to the subsistence economy should be minimal" (17)


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Comparison of percentagesNot SupportedUNKNOWNUNKNOWNUNKNOWN

Related Hypotheses

Main AuthorHypothesis
Simmons, Leo W.Participation by the aged in general activities is dependent upon climate, permanency of residence, basic maintenance activities and family organization. The opportunity of the aged to participate in subsistence activities increases among herders and agriculturalists. Aged males are more likely to contribute to infant and child care in matriarchal societies. Midwifery is practiced by aged women regardless of cultural determinants (102, 103, 104)
Simmons, Leo W.Prestige of the aged is negatively correlated with severe climate and impermanent residence. It is positively correlated for aged men and women where they have property rights and influence in government. Aged women enjoy more prestige in hunting-gathering and fishing societies and in societies where matrilineal family organization prevails. Aged men have high prestige where the food supply is constant, where family organization type is patrilineal, in herding and framing societies, and w...
Crano, JoelThere will be a negative relationship between parents' in the socioemotional and economic aspects of family life (469).
Katz, Mary MaxwellVariation in paternal care within a species will be correlated with variation in socioecological conditions (157).
Simmons, Leo W.Aged women have tended to acquire property rights in simple societies and within matrilineal types of family organization. Aged men have tended to gain greatest control of property in more complex societies and within patrilineal family organization (49)