# Culture and National well-being: should societies emphasize freedom or constraint? ^{}

*PLoS ONE •* Vol/Iss. 10(6) • *Public Library of Science* • • Published In • Pages: 1-14 •

##### By Harrington, Jesse R., Boski, Pawel, Gelfand, Michele K.

#### Hypothesis

The relationship between tightness/looseness and dysthymia depression will exhibit a curvilinear relationship, such that very tight and very loose nations have worse outcomes relative to nations intermediate on tightness-looseness

#### Note

Dysthymia was found to be higher in both very tight and very loose nations. Additionally, compared to the linear model (F=1.87, p=.18, R-Squared=.06), the quadratic model was a significant improvement (F-change=5.55, p=.03, R-Squared change=.16).

Test Name | Support | Significance | Coefficient | Tail |
---|---|---|---|---|

Stepwise multiple regression | Supported | p=.03 | R-Squared=.22 | UNKNOWN |

Variable Name | Variable Type | OCM Term(s) |
---|---|---|

Tightness/looseness | Independent | Government Regulation, Legal Norms, Norms, Social Control |

Dysthymia Depression | Dependent | Drives And Emotions, Invalidism |