An ethnological analogy and biogenetic model for interpretation of religion and ritual in the past

Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory Vol/Iss. 29 Springer Published In Pages: 335–389
By Winkelman, Michael J.


Warfare will predict magio-religious practitioner type.


External warfare was negatively associated with shamans (b=-.24). War for non-land resources was positively associated with shamanistic healers (b=.21) and healers (b=.40). War involving plunder was positively associated with mediums (b=.26). Sorcerer/witch, priests, and shaman-healers were not included in the test.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Multiple regressionSupportedp<.1See noteUNKNOWN