Mapping the middle ground between foragers and farmers

Journal of Anthropological Archaeology Vol/Iss. 65(1) Elsevier Inc. Published In Pages: 1-13
By Denham, Tim, Donohue, Mark


Societies that subsist on root crops and arboriculture will rely less on farming than societies that subsist on cereals.


The authors test this in an attempt to show that middle-ground societies are more common in areas that cultivate root crops and practice arboriculture. Note that this does not explain the prevalence of "middle-ground" societies in North America, where there is a heavy reliance on cereal crops (esp. maize).


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Chi squareSupportedp<.001UNKNOWNUNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Subsistence StrategyIndependentFood Quest, Diet
Farming PrevalenceDependentAnimal Husbandry, Tillage