Irrigation and gender roles

Journal of Development Economics Vol/Iss. 163 Elsevier Published In Pages: 1-15
By Fredriksson, Per G. , Gupta, Satyendra Kumar


Greater ancestral irrigation potential is associated with higher contemporary male labor force participation.


While this is significant in two out of four models, when additional controls are added, this relationship goes away. Data from the World Values Survey showed similar results, but the Afrobarometer and Asian Barometer showed no significant results.


Test NameSupportSignificanceCoefficientTail
Ordinary Least SquaresPartially SupportedSee tables on pages 5, 7, 8, and 9See tables on pages 5, 7, 8, and 9UNKNOWN


Variable NameVariable Type OCM Term(s)
Ancestral irrigation potentialIndependentClimate, Soil
Male labor force participationDependentDivision Of Labor By Gender