Found 4095 Hypotheses across 410 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. Matrilocal societies have higher dwelling sizes than patrilocal societies.Brown, Barton McCaul - Population estimation from floor area: a restudy of "naroll's constant", 1987 - 2 Variables

    A restudy of Naroll's (1962) measure of dwelling floor area using theory that it is predicted by the basic needs for protection from climate and crowding. This theory is not supported by the findings but Brown posits a new average for estimating floor area in dwellings based on his sample.

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  2. "Uxorilocal or matrilocal residence should be correlated with houses that have larger living floor areas than houses where avunculocal or patrilocal residence is practiced" (299)Divale, William Tulio - The causes of matrilocal residence: a cross-ethnohistorical survey, 1974 - 2 Variables

    Author proposes and presents evidence in support of the theory that most societies practice virilocal or patrilocal residence (this is the "normal" pattern" and that matrilocal residence is adopted when societies migrate to an already populated area.

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  3. Floor area of dwellings predicts population size of settlements (588).Naroll, Raoul - Floor area and settlement population, 1962 - 2 Variables

    This paper discusses the relationship between floor area and settlement population.

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  4. Since in societies with sororal polygyny co-wives live together in the same house, it should also be true that sisters find it easier to live together when they are married to different men in matrilocal societies. I expected houses in matrilocal societies to have a larger living floor area than houses in patrilocal societies (177)Ember, Melvin - An archaeological indicator of matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1973 - 2 Variables

    The study suggests an archaeological indicator of matrilocal versus patrilocal residence. The cross-cultural samples suggest that matrilocal versus patrilocal residence can be simply and accurately predicted from the living floor area of the average house in the society.

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  5. Leaders and followers both benefit from leadership.Garfield, Zachary H. - Universal and variable leadership dimensions across human societies, 2020 - 3 Variables

    This study seeks to better understand different forms of leadership across non-WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) societies, and tests evolutionary theories regarding the qualities of leaders, their functions, and the costs and benefits they incur and provide as a part of their leadership. The authors assess the various aspects of leaders and leadership by coding 109 dimensions of leadership as represented in eHRAF World Cultures, using the Probability Sample Files, comprised on 60 cultures. By assessing the prevalence of each of these dimensions in the various cultures under consideration, the authors were able to ascertain some largely universal characteristics of leaders: that they 1) were judged intelligent and knowledgeable; 2) resolved conflicts; and 3) received material and social benefits. They also found that other dimensions varied by considerably group context (e.g., kin group leaders tended to be older), subsistence strategy (e.g., hunter-gatherer leaders tend to lack coercive authority), and gender (e.g., female leaders are more associated with family contexts). Further analyses showed that followers and leaders both benefited from leadership, and that shamans constitute a new brand of leader that both utilizes prestige and dominance in order to effectively rule.

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  6. "External warfare should be correlated with houses that have larger living floor areas while internal warfare should be associated with smaller floor areas" (302)Divale, William Tulio - The causes of matrilocal residence: a cross-ethnohistorical survey, 1974 - 2 Variables

    Author proposes and presents evidence in support of the theory that most societies practice virilocal or patrilocal residence (this is the "normal" pattern" and that matrilocal residence is adopted when societies migrate to an already populated area.

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  7. Some dimensions of leadership will vary across group context, subsistence strategy, continental region, and leader sex.Garfield, Zachary H. - Universal and variable leadership dimensions across human societies, 2020 - 5 Variables

    This study seeks to better understand different forms of leadership across non-WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) societies, and tests evolutionary theories regarding the qualities of leaders, their functions, and the costs and benefits they incur and provide as a part of their leadership. The authors assess the various aspects of leaders and leadership by coding 109 dimensions of leadership as represented in eHRAF World Cultures, using the Probability Sample Files, comprised on 60 cultures. By assessing the prevalence of each of these dimensions in the various cultures under consideration, the authors were able to ascertain some largely universal characteristics of leaders: that they 1) were judged intelligent and knowledgeable; 2) resolved conflicts; and 3) received material and social benefits. They also found that other dimensions varied by considerably group context (e.g., kin group leaders tended to be older), subsistence strategy (e.g., hunter-gatherer leaders tend to lack coercive authority), and gender (e.g., female leaders are more associated with family contexts). Further analyses showed that followers and leaders both benefited from leadership, and that shamans constitute a new brand of leader that both utilizes prestige and dominance in order to effectively rule.

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  8. Matrilocality will be positively associated with larger living floor areas (110).Divale, William Tulio - Living floor area and marital resdience, 1977 - 2 Variables

    This study builds on the work of Melvin Ember (1973) regarding living floor area of dwellings and its relationship to marital residence. The original results are replicated.

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  9. "Frequent external warfare should be correlated with houses that have larger living floor areas than when external warfare is infrequent" (304)Divale, William Tulio - The causes of matrilocal residence: a cross-ethnohistorical survey, 1974 - 2 Variables

    Author proposes and presents evidence in support of the theory that most societies practice virilocal or patrilocal residence (this is the "normal" pattern" and that matrilocal residence is adopted when societies migrate to an already populated area.

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  10. "When feuding is absent or infrequent houses should tend to have larger living floor areas than when feuding is frequent" (306)Divale, William Tulio - The causes of matrilocal residence: a cross-ethnohistorical survey, 1974 - 2 Variables

    Author proposes and presents evidence in support of the theory that most societies practice virilocal or patrilocal residence (this is the "normal" pattern" and that matrilocal residence is adopted when societies migrate to an already populated area.

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