Found 4637 Hypotheses across 464 Pages (0.049 seconds)
  1. "If a particular sex does most of the work in subsistence activities, the pattern of residence should tend to localize consanguineally related members of that sex" (571)Ember, Melvin - The conditions favoring matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1971 - 2 Variables

    This study analyzes several variables that influence matrilocal versus patrilocal residence. Results indicate that the traditional assumption that division of labor determines residence was not supported. Rather, results suggest that internal warfare favors partilocal residence and matrilocal residence is favored by purely external warfare if division of labor is matridominant.

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  2. "As for how warfare might affect residence, we found that matrilocal societies have purely external warfare (warfare only with other societies) much more often than patrilocal societies" (593)Ember, Melvin - The conditions favoring matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1971 - 2 Variables

    This study analyzes several variables that influence matrilocal versus patrilocal residence. Results indicate that the traditional assumption that division of labor determines residence was not supported. Rather, results suggest that internal warfare favors partilocal residence and matrilocal residence is favored by purely external warfare if division of labor is matridominant.

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  3. ". . . conditions that enhance the status of males are polygyny, moveable property such as herds or slaves or money, multilocal political integration, and warfare . . . [and] each . . . should predict male localization" (576)Ember, Melvin - The conditions favoring matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1971 - 6 Variables

    This study analyzes several variables that influence matrilocal versus patrilocal residence. Results indicate that the traditional assumption that division of labor determines residence was not supported. Rather, results suggest that internal warfare favors partilocal residence and matrilocal residence is favored by purely external warfare if division of labor is matridominant.

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  4. In a subsample excluding societies that are matrilocal and have less than occasional warfare, father's sleeping distance will be a better predictor of homicide and assault (305).Ember, Carol R. - Father absence and male aggression: a re-examination of the comparative evidence, 2002 - 4 Variables

    This paper supports Beatrice B. Whiting's (1965) sex-identity conflict hypothesis which suggests a relationship between males' early identification with their mothers and male violence. Authors find that, in addition to socialization aggression, frequency of homicide/assault is significantly related to father-infant sleeping distance, particularly when residence is not matrilocal and/or warfare is more than occasional.

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  5. ". . . control[ling] on the presence versus absence of migration, the relationship between type of warfare and residence does not disappear" (139)Ember, Carol R. - An evaluation of alternative theories of matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1974 - 3 Variables

    This paper investigates the relationship between marital residence and warfare. The author evaluates two theories proposing opposite causalities: one, that internal warfarecauses patrilocality; the other, that residence comes first and influences type of warfare. The author presents a new model emphasizing the role of population size in determining type of warfare, which in turn affects marital residence. However, the role of migration in determining marital residence is also considered.

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  6. ". . . the relationship between migration and residence controlling on the presence versus absence of purely external warfare . . . becomes nonsignificant in both control conditions" (138)Ember, Carol R. - An evaluation of alternative theories of matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1974 - 3 Variables

    This paper investigates the relationship between marital residence and warfare. The author evaluates two theories proposing opposite causalities: one, that internal warfarecauses patrilocality; the other, that residence comes first and influences type of warfare. The author presents a new model emphasizing the role of population size in determining type of warfare, which in turn affects marital residence. However, the role of migration in determining marital residence is also considered.

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  7. Foragers will have less warfare than societies with other subsistence strategies (6).Ember, Carol R. - Violence in the ethnographic record: results of cross-cultural research on w..., 1997 - 2 Variables

    This paper reviews the results of the author's cross-cultural studies of war and aggression and their implications for prehistory.

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  8. The relative absence of agriculture will be associated with multilocality (385)Ember, Carol R. - The conditions favoring multilocal residence, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This paper presents empirical evidence suggesting that multilocal residence is most common in societies that have experienced depopulation, likely due to the introduction of a new infectious disease. Other potential explanatory variables—such as the presence of migratory bands, little or no agriculture, and equality of the sexes in inheritance—were not significant predictors of multilocal residence when controlling for depopulation.

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  9. ". . . Multilocality should be favored by the conditions of life in migratory band societies" (383)Ember, Carol R. - The conditions favoring multilocal residence, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This paper presents empirical evidence suggesting that multilocal residence is most common in societies that have experienced depopulation, likely due to the introduction of a new infectious disease. Other potential explanatory variables—such as the presence of migratory bands, little or no agriculture, and equality of the sexes in inheritance—were not significant predictors of multilocal residence when controlling for depopulation.

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  10. When included in a model testing the relationship between frequency of warfare, natrual disasters, and socialization for mistrust, food producing will be a significant predictor of frequency of warfare (11).Ember, Carol R. - Violence in the ethnographic record: results of cross-cultural research on w..., 1997 - 4 Variables

    This paper reviews the results of the author's cross-cultural studies of war and aggression and their implications for prehistory.

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