Found 4557 Hypotheses across 456 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. "Our hypothesis is that men will do more than women in subsistence unless warfare prevents them from doing so" (579)Ember, Melvin - The conditions favoring matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1971 - 2 Variables

    This study analyzes several variables that influence matrilocal versus patrilocal residence. Results indicate that the traditional assumption that division of labor determines residence was not supported. Rather, results suggest that internal warfare favors partilocal residence and matrilocal residence is favored by purely external warfare if division of labor is matridominant.

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  2. ". . . the relationship between migration and residence controlling on the presence versus absence of purely external warfare . . . becomes nonsignificant in both control conditions" (138)Ember, Carol R. - An evaluation of alternative theories of matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1974 - 3 Variables

    This paper investigates the relationship between marital residence and warfare. The author evaluates two theories proposing opposite causalities: one, that internal warfarecauses patrilocality; the other, that residence comes first and influences type of warfare. The author presents a new model emphasizing the role of population size in determining type of warfare, which in turn affects marital residence. However, the role of migration in determining marital residence is also considered.

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  3. "If a particular sex does most of the work in subsistence activities, the pattern of residence should tend to localize consanguineally related members of that sex" (571)Ember, Melvin - The conditions favoring matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1971 - 2 Variables

    This study analyzes several variables that influence matrilocal versus patrilocal residence. Results indicate that the traditional assumption that division of labor determines residence was not supported. Rather, results suggest that internal warfare favors partilocal residence and matrilocal residence is favored by purely external warfare if division of labor is matridominant.

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  4. ". . . we . . . expect that societies with internal warfare would be more apt to have lineages than those with purely external war . . ." (80)Ember, Carol R. - On the development of unilineal descent, 1974 - 2 Variables

    This article tests some conditions that may lead to the emergence of unilineal descent, focusing on unilocality and warfare. Unilineal descent is thought to be likely in a unilocal society without a centralized political system that is experiencing intra- or inter-societal warfare. The authors also posit that a "clan" system usually develops prior to a "lineage" system.

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  5. "Societies with purely external warfare . . . have smaller total populations than societies with internal warfare" (141)Ember, Carol R. - An evaluation of alternative theories of matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1974 - 2 Variables

    This paper investigates the relationship between marital residence and warfare. The author evaluates two theories proposing opposite causalities: one, that internal warfarecauses patrilocality; the other, that residence comes first and influences type of warfare. The author presents a new model emphasizing the role of population size in determining type of warfare, which in turn affects marital residence. However, the role of migration in determining marital residence is also considered.

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  6. ". . . conditions that enhance the status of males are polygyny, moveable property such as herds or slaves or money, multilocal political integration, and warfare . . . [and] each . . . should predict male localization" (576)Ember, Melvin - The conditions favoring matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1971 - 6 Variables

    This study analyzes several variables that influence matrilocal versus patrilocal residence. Results indicate that the traditional assumption that division of labor determines residence was not supported. Rather, results suggest that internal warfare favors partilocal residence and matrilocal residence is favored by purely external warfare if division of labor is matridominant.

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  7. Societies that have internal warfare or purely external warfare with men contributing a great deal to subsistence should tend toward patrilocality; those with purely external war and high female contribution to subsistence should tend toward matrilocalityEmber, Carol R. - Residential variation among hunter-gatherers, 1975 - 2 Variables

    This study explores predictors of variation in two dimensions of marital residence patterns among hunter-gatherers: 1) the tendency toward patrilocality versus matrilocality and 2) the tendency toward unilocality versus bilocality.

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  8. ". . . control[ling] on the presence versus absence of migration, the relationship between type of warfare and residence does not disappear" (139)Ember, Carol R. - An evaluation of alternative theories of matrilocal versus patrilocal residence, 1974 - 3 Variables

    This paper investigates the relationship between marital residence and warfare. The author evaluates two theories proposing opposite causalities: one, that internal warfarecauses patrilocality; the other, that residence comes first and influences type of warfare. The author presents a new model emphasizing the role of population size in determining type of warfare, which in turn affects marital residence. However, the role of migration in determining marital residence is also considered.

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  9. ". . . societies with internal warfare would tend to have at least one level of unilineal descent group typically contiguous, whereas societies with purely external warfare would not be as likely to have contiguous descent groups" (78)Ember, Carol R. - On the development of unilineal descent, 1974 - 2 Variables

    This article tests some conditions that may lead to the emergence of unilineal descent, focusing on unilocality and warfare. Unilineal descent is thought to be likely in a unilocal society without a centralized political system that is experiencing intra- or inter-societal warfare. The authors also posit that a "clan" system usually develops prior to a "lineage" system.

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  10. ". . . given internal war, lineages are more apt to be found when the density is at least five persons per square mile" (83)Ember, Carol R. - On the development of unilineal descent, 1974 - 3 Variables

    This article tests some conditions that may lead to the emergence of unilineal descent, focusing on unilocality and warfare. Unilineal descent is thought to be likely in a unilocal society without a centralized political system that is experiencing intra- or inter-societal warfare. The authors also posit that a "clan" system usually develops prior to a "lineage" system.

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