Found 2750 Hypotheses across 275 Pages (0.04 seconds)
  1. Societies with more corporate political strategies are more resilient to catastrophic climate-related disastersPeregrine, Peter N. - Social resilience to climate-related disasters in ancient societies: a test ..., 2017 - 8 Variables

    In the present study, Peregrine tests two perspectives regarding social resilience to climate-related disasters: 1) that societies with more inclusive and participatory political structures (corporate political strategies) are more resilient to climate-related disasters, and 2) that societies with tighter adherence to social norms are more resilient to climate-related disasters. Results support the notion that societies with greater political participation are more socially resilient to catastrophic climate-related disasters. Because these results are justifiably generalizable across multiple historical and cultural contexts, Peregrine's findings are a useful contribution to aid in disaster response policy decision making.

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  2. Societies that were more corporate were predicted to be more resilient to climate change during the Late Antique Little Ice Age than those that were more exclusionary.Peregrine, Peter N. - Social resilience to nuclear winter: lessons from the Late Antique Little Ic..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    The author analyzes conditions that might favor social resilience during the Late Antique Little Ice Age (ca. 536-556 CE). The assumption is made that climatic conditions in the Northern Hemisphere during this period of time are very similar to those that would occur during a nuclear winter. These conditions include a drop in temperature and decreased solar radiation from volcanic eruptions. Measures for social resilience come from multiple variables for social change, which are tested against measures for type of political engagement. It is argued that broad political participation is correlated with resilience.

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  3. Societies with tighter adherence to social norms are more resilient to catastrophic climate-related disastersPeregrine, Peter N. - Social resilience to climate-related disasters in ancient societies: a test ..., 2017 - 8 Variables

    In the present study, Peregrine tests two perspectives regarding social resilience to climate-related disasters: 1) that societies with more inclusive and participatory political structures (corporate political strategies) are more resilient to climate-related disasters, and 2) that societies with tighter adherence to social norms are more resilient to climate-related disasters. Results support the notion that societies with greater political participation are more socially resilient to catastrophic climate-related disasters. Because these results are justifiably generalizable across multiple historical and cultural contexts, Peregrine's findings are a useful contribution to aid in disaster response policy decision making.

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  4. Social stratification, technological specialization, and urbanization will be postively associated with political integration (81).Peregrine, Peter N. - Modeling state origins using cross-cultural data, 2007 - 4 Variables

    This article stresses the use of multivariate analysis to study the emergence of states. The authors first discuss how social inequality, population density, and trade affect state development. Next, they turn to a time series regression to formally examine social stratification, urbanization, technological specialization as predictors of political integration. Finally, economic vulnerability and scalar stress are considered as possible underlying factors in the emergence of states.

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  5. The presence of monotheistic high gods will be more likely in societies with three or more types of sovereign groups ranked in hierarchical order (89).Peregrine, Peter N. - The birth of the gods revisited: a partial replication of guy swanson's (196..., 1996 - 2 Variables

    This article retests several hypotheses from Swanson’s (1960) study on the origins of religious belief. The author finds support for an association between high gods and large communities, multiple levels of political hierarchy, and social differentiation. No support is found for Swanson’s other hypotheses concerning polytheism, ancestral spirits, reincarnation, the soul, witchcraft, and morality and their relations to social, political, and economic variables.

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  6. More exclusionary polities (vs. more corporate) will predict more conflict following climate-related disasters.Peregrine, Peter N. - Reducing post-disaster conflict: a cross cultural test of four hypotheses us..., 2018 - 2 Variables

    This article uses pre-defined criteria to sample 22 archaeological climate-related disasters from 9 distinct regions from eHRAF Archaeology. It quantitatively tests four hypotheses regarding change in conflict following climate-related disasters using multiple regression analyses and backwards stepwise regression. Findings demonstrate association between political strategy/authority decision making and degree of post climate disaster conflict.

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  7. There will be association between greater regional organization stability (resilience) to climate-related disasters in societies that are corporate-oriented rather than exclusionary-oriented.Peregrine, Peter N. - Political Participation and Long-Term Resilience in Pre-Colombian Societies, 2017 - 2 Variables

    The present study investigates whether there is resilience variability following climate-related disasters in societies that are corporate-oriented, which promote participatory and inclusive structures, and exclusionary-oriented, which limit political authority and power. The findings offer modest support for social resilience theory that more flexible (i.e. more participatory) societies would be more resilient after a disaster than less flexible societies. Although only 5 of 14 correlations are significant, the direction is significant by a binomial sign test.

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  8. Jusidictional hierarchy will be correlated with the democraticness of traditional political systems in Africa.Neupert-Wentz, Clara - The democraticness of traditional political systems in Africa, 2021 - 2 Variables

    Using a new expert survey, the authors explore the democraticness of traditional political systems (TPS) in 159 ethnic groups in Africa. Their initial analysis finds that measures of public preference input and political process control are particularly strong contributors to the degree that a society may develop democracy in their TPS. They also find that societies with powerful elders are more likely to be democratic, while more hierarchically organized political systems and those with kings, chiefs, and segmentary lineages are less likely.

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  9. There will be an association between higher health and nutrition stability (resilience) to climate-related disasters in societies that are corporate-oriented societies rather than exclusionary-oriented.Peregrine, Peter N. - Political Participation and Long-Term Resilience in Pre-Colombian Societies, 2017 - 2 Variables

    The present study investigates whether there is resilience variability following climate-related disasters in societies that are corporate-oriented, which promote participatory and inclusive structures, and exclusionary-oriented, which limit political authority and power. The findings offer modest support for social resilience theory that more flexible (i.e. more participatory) societies would be more resilient after a disaster than less flexible societies. Although only 5 of 14 correlations are significant, the direction is significant by a binomial sign test.

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  10. Degree of taxation and degree elites received taxes will be positively related to higher conflict following climate-related disasters.Peregrine, Peter N. - Reducing post-disaster conflict: a cross cultural test of four hypotheses us..., 2018 - 4 Variables

    This article uses pre-defined criteria to sample 22 archaeological climate-related disasters from 9 distinct regions from eHRAF Archaeology. It quantitatively tests four hypotheses regarding change in conflict following climate-related disasters using multiple regression analyses and backwards stepwise regression. Findings demonstrate association between political strategy/authority decision making and degree of post climate disaster conflict.

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