Found 4134 Hypotheses across 414 Pages (0.005 seconds)
  1. Transgendered male androphilia will be associated with bilateral and double descent (382).VanderLaan, Doug P. - Male androphilia in the ancestral environment: an ethnological analysis, 2013 - 2 Variables

    "The kin selection hypothesis posits that male androphilia evolved because androphilic males invest more in kin, thereby enhancing inclusive fitness." However, increased kin-directed altruism has only been seen in societies that exhibit transgendered male androphilia. To test the validity of the kin selection hypothesis for male androphilia, the authors examine the relationship between ancestral sociocultural conditions, access to kin, and societal reactions to homosexuality and the expression of male androphilia as transgendered or non-transgendered. They find that ancestral sociocultural conditions and bilateral and double descent systems were more common in transgendered than non-transgendered societies.

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  2. Transgendered male androphilia societies are likely to accept same-sex sexual behavior (383).VanderLaan, Doug P. - Male androphilia in the ancestral environment: an ethnological analysis, 2013 - 1 Variables

    "The kin selection hypothesis posits that male androphilia evolved because androphilic males invest more in kin, thereby enhancing inclusive fitness." However, increased kin-directed altruism has only been seen in societies that exhibit transgendered male androphilia. To test the validity of the kin selection hypothesis for male androphilia, the authors examine the relationship between ancestral sociocultural conditions, access to kin, and societal reactions to homosexuality and the expression of male androphilia as transgendered or non-transgendered. They find that ancestral sociocultural conditions and bilateral and double descent systems were more common in transgendered than non-transgendered societies.

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  3. Both male and female protagonists will be altruistic towards their kin (375).Gottschall, Jonathan - Patterns of charaterization in folktales across geographical regions and lev..., 2003 - 1 Variables

    This article takes an evolutionary approach to understanding the patterns of characterization in folktales cross-culturally. Results indicate that literature shares several common themes cross-culturally, including mate selection and kin directed altruism.

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  4. Matrilocality will be associated with positioning on a cultural frontierJones, Doug - The Matrilocal Tribe: An Organization of Demic Expansion, 2011 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the author argues that matrilocality is a form of social organization that is conducive to expansion in tribal societies with smaller populations. Because this organization increases internal solidarity and success in external warfare, the theory suggests that it is best suited for expansion on cultural frontiers by groups with small populations. The author supports this theory with empirical tests on 33 societies and case studies of Bantu and Austronesian expansion.

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  5. As time since migration increases, small-scale societies will move through the following sequence of residence and descent configurations: matrilocal and patrilineal to matrilocal and bilateral to matrilocal and matrilineal to avunculocal and matrilineal to patrilocal and bilateral or patrilineal.Jones, Doug - The Matrilocal Tribe: An Organization of Demic Expansion, 2011 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the author argues that matrilocality is a form of social organization that is conducive to expansion in tribal societies with smaller populations. Because this organization increases internal solidarity and success in external warfare, the theory suggests that it is best suited for expansion on cultural frontiers by groups with small populations. The author supports this theory with empirical tests on 33 societies and case studies of Bantu and Austronesian expansion.

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  6. Male protagonists are likely to be more active, courageous, and physically heroic than female protagonists (372).Gottschall, Jonathan - Patterns of charaterization in folktales across geographical regions and lev..., 2003 - 2 Variables

    This article takes an evolutionary approach to understanding the patterns of characterization in folktales cross-culturally. Results indicate that literature shares several common themes cross-culturally, including mate selection and kin directed altruism.

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  7. Homosexuality will be more prevalent in agropastoral than in hunting & gathering societies when controlling for community size. (6)Apostolou, Menelaos - Is homosexuality more prevalent in agropastoral than in hunting and gatherin..., 2016 - 3 Variables

    The researcher predicts a positive association between prevalence of homosexuality and agricultural and pastoral subsistence types, reasoning that higher frequency of arranged marriages among agropastoral societies will lessen negative selection pressure on genes which encode for non-exclusive heterosexual orientation. Findings appear to support the prediction.

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  8. Homosexuality will be more prevalent in agropastoral than in hunting-gathering societies when controlling for social stratification. (7)Apostolou, Menelaos - Is homosexuality more prevalent in agropastoral than in hunting and gatherin..., 2016 - 4 Variables

    The researcher predicts a positive association between prevalence of homosexuality and agricultural and pastoral subsistence types, reasoning that higher frequency of arranged marriages among agropastoral societies will lessen negative selection pressure on genes which encode for non-exclusive heterosexual orientation. Findings appear to support the prediction.

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  9. In folktales, males will place a higher emphasis on the physical attractiveness of potential mates and females will place a greater emphasis on a potential mate's capacity to gain and hold social and material resources (370).Gottschall, Jonathan - Patterns of charaterization in folktales across geographical regions and lev..., 2003 - 2 Variables

    This article takes an evolutionary approach to understanding the patterns of characterization in folktales cross-culturally. Results indicate that literature shares several common themes cross-culturally, including mate selection and kin directed altruism.

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  10. Stratified societies will be positively associated with females marrying up.Barthes, Julien - Human social stratification and hypergyny: toward an understanding of male h..., 2013 - 5 Variables

    Researchers sampled 48 societies cross-culturally to study the genetic survival of male homosexual preference, which is argued to be deleterious in nature due to its fertility costs. The researchers test for a sexually antagonistic factor that would produce a pleotropic advantage, such as male homosexual preference increasing the reproduction of sisters. Utilizing theoretical models, researchers assert that the survival of male homosexual preference is a result of the positive association between social stratification and discriminate female hypergyny due to selection for attractiveness in females.

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