Found 3780 Hypotheses across 378 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. Parent-infant body contact after birth is emphasized in most societies (595).Lozoff, Betsy - Birth and 'bonding' in non-industrial societies, 1983 - 1 Variables

    This study examines the presence of parent-infant body contact at birth in non-industrial societies and its effects on subsequent infant care. The results show that immediate parent-infant contact is not common among most societies and does not have a significant effect on the quality of infant care.

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  2. A characteristic infant-care pattern existed during most of human history (478).Lozoff, Betsy - Infant care: cache or carry, 1979 - 2 Variables

    This article tests a hypothesis regarding patterns of infant care in non-industrial societies. The authors find that a consistent pattern of infant care that emphasizes mother-infant contact exists among hunter-gatherers and other non-industrial societies. These infant care practices differ from those found in the United states that do not promote extensive infant-mother contact.

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  3. In infancy the mother is most likely to be the principal caretaker (170).Weisner, Thomas S. - My brother's keeper: child and sibling caretaking [and comments and reply], 1977 - 1 Variables

    This study discusses childcare done by children. While no empirical hypotheses are tested, the authors identify some potential sociocultural and developmental correlates of childcare by children and provide relevant descriptive statistics. Possible correlates include mother-child relationships, conceptions and emergence of childhood stages, organization of play groups, development of social responsibility, sex differences, personality development, cognitive style and cognitive development, motivation and learning.

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  4. Four measures of primary feminine identification will be associated with female control of resources (158).Broude, Gwen J. - Revisiting status-envy: does the theory hold up?, 1989 - 5 Variables

    Author first tests the validity of the variables traditionallyused in tests of status envy theory. Then the author tests some of the implications of the theory and proposes somewhat different mechanisms.

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  5. "Where the mother (or women in general) serves as primary caretaker in infancy, but where female status is low in the larger social context, males will undergo circumcision ceremonies as a component of initiation rites" (164).Broude, Gwen J. - Revisiting status-envy: does the theory hold up?, 1989 - 3 Variables

    Author first tests the validity of the variables traditionallyused in tests of status envy theory. Then the author tests some of the implications of the theory and proposes somewhat different mechanisms.

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  6. Competitive games will be negatively associated with physical contact and comfort in infant socialization (37).Schlegel, Alice - Adolescents at play: a cross-cultural study of adolescent games, 1989 - 4 Variables

    This chapter investigates correlates of competitive adolescent games, focusing on societal and family characteristics as well as socialization variables and personality traits. Data suggest that games meant to encourage competitiveness will be more common for boys than for girls. Competitive games are also statistically associated with low societal and technological complexity, small and monogamous family organization, less physical contact and comfort in infant socialization, less integration in adult activities, and various personality traits.

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  7. In infancy principal caretakers (other than the mother) are most likely to be female children or female adults (170).Weisner, Thomas S. - My brother's keeper: child and sibling caretaking [and comments and reply], 1977 - 1 Variables

    This study discusses childcare done by children. While no empirical hypotheses are tested, the authors identify some potential sociocultural and developmental correlates of childcare by children and provide relevant descriptive statistics. Possible correlates include mother-child relationships, conceptions and emergence of childhood stages, organization of play groups, development of social responsibility, sex differences, personality development, cognitive style and cognitive development, motivation and learning.

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  8. "Where the mother (or women in general) serves as primary caretaker in infancy, and where female status is high in the larger social world, males will engage in couvade practices (164).Broude, Gwen J. - Revisiting status-envy: does the theory hold up?, 1989 - 3 Variables

    Author first tests the validity of the variables traditionallyused in tests of status envy theory. Then the author tests some of the implications of the theory and proposes somewhat different mechanisms.

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  9. "Where the mother (or women in general) serves as primary caretaker in infancy, males will display masculine protest behavior in adulthood, regardless of the status of women in the larger social context (164).Broude, Gwen J. - Revisiting status-envy: does the theory hold up?, 1989 - 3 Variables

    Author first tests the validity of the variables traditionallyused in tests of status envy theory. Then the author tests some of the implications of the theory and proposes somewhat different mechanisms.

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  10. "Societies with beliefs in aggressive supernaturals . . . had fewer nurturant agents, protected the infant less from environmental discomforts, showed him less affection, were more inconsistent in caring for his needs, and took less care of his needs" (168)Lambert, William W. - Some correlates of beliefs in the malevolence and benevolence of supernatura..., 1959 - 5 Variables

    This article tests hypotheses about the relationship between how the general anticipations of pain in develop in children and the formal belief systems of a society. The authors posit that beliefs in malevolent supernatural beings reflect punitive child rearing practices and beliefs in benevolent supernatural being relfect nurturing child rearing practices. Results generally support this hypothesis.

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