Found 2229 Hypotheses across 223 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. Dysphorically arousing rituals will be positively associated with reliance on foraging rather than agriculture, and intergroup warfare (52).Atkinson, Quentin D. - The cultural morphospace of ritual form: examining modes of religiosity cros..., 2011 - 3 Variables

    This article examines the frequency and emotional arousal of ritual. Cross-cultural tests support the existence of two modes of religiosity: doctrinal, with high frequency and low emotionality of ritual, and imagistic, with low frequency and high emotionality of ritual. Both euphoric and dysphoric arousal are considered. Associations between these two modes of religiosity and other features of culture (such as group size and the use of agriculture) are examined.

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. Ritual frequency will be negatively associated with dysphoric and euphoric emotional arousal (52).Atkinson, Quentin D. - The cultural morphospace of ritual form: examining modes of religiosity cros..., 2011 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the frequency and emotional arousal of ritual. Cross-cultural tests support the existence of two modes of religiosity: doctrinal, with high frequency and low emotionality of ritual, and imagistic, with low frequency and high emotionality of ritual. Both euphoric and dysphoric arousal are considered. Associations between these two modes of religiosity and other features of culture (such as group size and the use of agriculture) are examined.

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. Major world religions will have higher frequency and lower arousal than small-scale traditions (52).Atkinson, Quentin D. - The cultural morphospace of ritual form: examining modes of religiosity cros..., 2011 - 3 Variables

    This article examines the frequency and emotional arousal of ritual. Cross-cultural tests support the existence of two modes of religiosity: doctrinal, with high frequency and low emotionality of ritual, and imagistic, with low frequency and high emotionality of ritual. Both euphoric and dysphoric arousal are considered. Associations between these two modes of religiosity and other features of culture (such as group size and the use of agriculture) are examined.

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. Community size will be positively correlated with the prevalence of societal belief in supernatural punishment.Bourrat, Pierrick - Supernatural punishment and individual social compliance across cultures, 2011 - 2 Variables

    Derived from the fear of supernatural punishment hypothesis, this paper explores whether the prosocial attitude of a group or individuals will increase with the threat of punishment from a high god or visible supernatural agent, such as sorcerers and witches. The author found that fear of supernatural punishment did not affect prosocial behavior and suggested that religious beliefs may give rise to institutions with the task of enforcing social compliance rather than direct control.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. Social stratification and political complexity (representing hierarchy) will be consistent with a model that has landesque capital intensive agriculture as the dependent variable.Sheehan, Oliver - Coevolution of landesque capital intensive agriculture and sociopolitical hi..., 2018 - 3 Variables

    Using phylogenetic methods, this research examines the relationship between landesque capital intensive agriculture ("permanent changes to landscape, such as construction of terraces and irrigation canals"(3631)) , political complexity, and social stratification amongst 155 Austronesian-speaking societies. Researchers attempted to find an underlying causality between the above mentioned variables, which have already been shown to be cross-culturally related. Results of statistical testing are most consistent with their being no clear causal link between the tested variables. The researchers claim this demonstrates social complexity and the multifaceted nature of cultural evolution.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. Intensity of agriculture will be negatively associated with marital structure (p. 706).Lee, Gary R. - Marital structure and economic systems, 1979 - 2 Variables

    This article tests a broad hypothesis that marital structure is associated with economic type. Results indicate that where women's potential contribution to subsistence is high (as in gathering and agricultural societies), women's contribution is positively associated with polygyny. By contrast, in fishing, hunting, and herding societies, female contribution to subsistence is generally minimal and has a negative association with polygyny.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. "Ground plans . . . [are] correlated with . . . mean size of local community and intensity of agricultural practices. . . . Circular ground plans would tend to be associated with small communities practicing no . . . or casual agriculture, rectangular with large communities, intensive agriculture" (13)Robbins, Michael C. - House types and settlement patterns, 1966 - 3 Variables

    This article proposes that ground plans may be used as a criterion for determining the relative permanence of settlement patterns in archaelogical societies. Results suggest that impermanent settlements and small community size are significantly associated with circular ground plans and that permanent settlements with larger community sizes are significantly associated with rectangular ground plans.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. Landesque capital intensive agriculture (representing general intensive agriculture) will be consistent with a model that has social stratification and political complexity (representing hierarchy) as the dependent variable.Sheehan, Oliver - Coevolution of landesque capital intensive agriculture and sociopolitical hi..., 2018 - 3 Variables

    Using phylogenetic methods, this research examines the relationship between landesque capital intensive agriculture ("permanent changes to landscape, such as construction of terraces and irrigation canals"(3631)) , political complexity, and social stratification amongst 155 Austronesian-speaking societies. Researchers attempted to find an underlying causality between the above mentioned variables, which have already been shown to be cross-culturally related. Results of statistical testing are most consistent with their being no clear causal link between the tested variables. The researchers claim this demonstrates social complexity and the multifaceted nature of cultural evolution.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. A variety of ecological, economic, and anthropological factors will predict the prevalence of land ownership.Kavanagh, Patrick H. - Drivers of global variation in land ownership, 2021 - 11 Variables

    The article discusses the role of land ownership in natural resource management and social-ecological resilience, and explores the factors that determine ownership norms in human societies. The study tests long-standing theories from ecology, economics, and anthropology regarding the potential drivers of land ownership, including resource defensibility, subsistence strategies, population pressure, political complexity, and cultural transmission mechanisms. Using cultural and environmental data from 102 societies, the study found an increased probability of land ownership in mountainous environments and societies with higher population densities. The study also found support for the idea that neighboring societies might influence land ownership. However, there was less support for variables associated with subsistence strategies and political complexity.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. The scale of human groups (particularly community size) is associated with hierarchical complexity (49)Feinman, Gary M. - Size, complexity, and organizational variation: a comparative approach, 2010 - 2 Variables

    This article proposes that integrative differences mediate the relationship between demographic size and political complexity. Hypotheses are supported by a review of previous literature.

    Related HypothesesCite