Found 2810 Hypotheses across 281 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. Certain infant carrying practices will be associated with the 10 degree isothermWhiting, John W.M. - Winter temperature as a constraint to the migration of preindustrial peoples, 1982 - 2 Variables

    Using a sample of 313 societies classified within 24 language phyla, authors put forward a statistical model based on climate data [specifically focused on the 10°C (50°F) winter temperature isotherm] to explain why dispersion of preindustrial language phyla is remarkably homogeneous even despite heterogeneous geographical dispersion of sampled preindustrial cultural groups. They suggest that temperature has been a barrier to migration.

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  2. Certain clothing practices will be associated with the 10 degree isotherm.Whiting, John W.M. - Winter temperature as a constraint to the migration of preindustrial peoples, 1982 - 2 Variables

    Using a sample of 313 societies classified within 24 language phyla, authors put forward a statistical model based on climate data [specifically focused on the 10°C (50°F) winter temperature isotherm] to explain why dispersion of preindustrial language phyla is remarkably homogeneous even despite heterogeneous geographical dispersion of sampled preindustrial cultural groups. They suggest that temperature has been a barrier to migration.

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  3. Language phyla will tend to be found on either side of the isotherm of a winter temperature of 10 degrees Celsius.Whiting, John W.M. - Winter temperature as a constraint to the migration of preindustrial peoples, 1982 - 2 Variables

    Using a sample of 313 societies classified within 24 language phyla, authors put forward a statistical model based on climate data [specifically focused on the 10°C (50°F) winter temperature isotherm] to explain why dispersion of preindustrial language phyla is remarkably homogeneous even despite heterogeneous geographical dispersion of sampled preindustrial cultural groups. They suggest that temperature has been a barrier to migration.

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  4. Circumcision occurs frequently in tropical climates. Author shows exclusive mother-infant sleeping arrangements occur in warm climates, while previous studies report a strong association between exclusive mother-infant sleeping arrangements and male circumcision (515)Whiting, John W.M. - Effects of climate on certain cultural practices, 1964 - 2 Variables

    This study explores ecological reasons that might explain why boys are mostly circumcised in tropical regions, particularly in Africa and the insular Pacific. The author postulates a long causal chain linking: 1) tropical climate to the growing of root and fruit crops; 2) the need to keep babies on mother's milk for as long as possible where the adult diet is lacking in protein; 3) a long post-partum sex taboo as a way to space births; 4) the practice of polygyny (and associated mother-child sleeping) in the face of a long sex taboo; 5) patrilocal residence; and 6) male initiation ceremonies which are believed to result from the combination of mother-child sleeping, the long poast-partum sex taboo and patrilocal residence.

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  5. More father-infant sleeping distance will be positively associated with resource unpredictability (107).Ember, Carol R. - War and socialization of children: comparing two evolutionary models, 2007 - 2 Variables

    This article presents two evolutionary models that may explain relationships between war and socialization of children: the "environmentally contingent reproductive strategy" (ECRS) model put forward by Draper and Harpending (1982), and a model put forward by Carol and Melvin Ember. Results do not provide support for the hypotheses involving father-infant sleeping proximity derived from the ECRS model. The authors also find some inconsistencies with their own model.

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  6. Borrowing in infant carrying practices will be seen within cool and cold climates and within warm and hot climates, but not between these regions (164).Whiting, John W.M. - Environmental constraints on infant care practices, 1981 - 2 Variables

    This chapter examines infant carrying practices across cultures. The author suggests that infant carrying practices are affected by both climate and history. Findings indicate regional patterns in infant carrying practices and in the borrowing of infant carrying practices within regions. Results support the hypothesis.

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  7. In colder climates, infants will more likely be carried in cradles. In warmer climates, infants will more likely be carried in slings (164).Whiting, John W.M. - Environmental constraints on infant care practices, 1981 - 2 Variables

    This chapter examines infant carrying practices across cultures. The author suggests that infant carrying practices are affected by both climate and history. Findings indicate regional patterns in infant carrying practices and in the borrowing of infant carrying practices within regions. Results support the hypothesis.

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  8. Exclusive mother-son sleeping and a post-partum sex taboo are positively associated with initiation ceremonies at puberty.Whiting, John W.M. - The Function of Male Initiation Ceremonies at Puberty, 1958 - 3 Variables

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  9. "[There is a] relation between anal socialization anxiety and anal explanations of illness; . . . between sexual socialization anxiety and sexual explanations of illness" (158, 159)Whiting, John W.M. - Child training and personality: a cross-cultural study, 1953 - 2 Variables

    The authors put forward a theoretical model called "personality integration of culture." At the heart of the model is the idea that psychological processes may help explain why certain aspects of culture are related to other aspects. To test this model they focus on theories and therapies regarding illness and they use psychoanalytic ideas on positive and negative fixation to suggest how differences in child-rearing customs may account for different ideas about the causes of illness. The strongest results relate to socialization anxiety in a particular area of socialization (e.g., oral, dependency, and aggression) amd respective causes of illness. Results regarding negative fixation are generally supported, whereas positive fixation is not.

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  10. ". . . explanations of illness [oral, anal, sexual, dependence, aggression] tend to be related to low initial satisfaction of the corresponding system of behavior" (167, 168)Whiting, John W.M. - Child training and personality: a cross-cultural study, 1953 - 2 Variables

    The authors put forward a theoretical model called "personality integration of culture." At the heart of the model is the idea that psychological processes may help explain why certain aspects of culture are related to other aspects. To test this model they focus on theories and therapies regarding illness and they use psychoanalytic ideas on positive and negative fixation to suggest how differences in child-rearing customs may account for different ideas about the causes of illness. The strongest results relate to socialization anxiety in a particular area of socialization (e.g., oral, dependency, and aggression) amd respective causes of illness. Results regarding negative fixation are generally supported, whereas positive fixation is not.

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