Found 3541 Hypotheses across 355 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. There will be an independent effect of vertical transmission down language lineages after controlling for horizontal transmission between groups (49).Ross, Robert M. - Folktale transmission in the arctic provides evidence for high bandwidth soc..., 2016 - 3 Variables

    The myths, legends, and folktales of nearby groups tend to more alike than those of more distant groups. Three competing models attempt to explain this distribution of cultural traits: (1) vertical transmission, (2) horizontal transmission, and (3) independent innovation. The authors examine 18 Arctic hunter-gatherer groups to quantify the extent to which geographic distance, cultural ancestry, and effective population size predict overlap in folktale inventories.

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  2. The folktale inventories of nearby groups will be more similar than those of distant groups (49).Ross, Robert M. - Folktale transmission in the arctic provides evidence for high bandwidth soc..., 2016 - 3 Variables

    The myths, legends, and folktales of nearby groups tend to more alike than those of more distant groups. Three competing models attempt to explain this distribution of cultural traits: (1) vertical transmission, (2) horizontal transmission, and (3) independent innovation. The authors examine 18 Arctic hunter-gatherer groups to quantify the extent to which geographic distance, cultural ancestry, and effective population size predict overlap in folktale inventories.

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  3. The folktale inventories of groups that diverged more recently will exhibit greater similarity than those of groups that diverged less recently (49).Ross, Robert M. - Folktale transmission in the arctic provides evidence for high bandwidth soc..., 2016 - 3 Variables

    The myths, legends, and folktales of nearby groups tend to more alike than those of more distant groups. Three competing models attempt to explain this distribution of cultural traits: (1) vertical transmission, (2) horizontal transmission, and (3) independent innovation. The authors examine 18 Arctic hunter-gatherer groups to quantify the extent to which geographic distance, cultural ancestry, and effective population size predict overlap in folktale inventories.

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  4. Vertical and oblique transmission are the most common forms of cultural transmission among hunter-gatherers (26).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 1 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  5. Vertical and oblique transmission are the most common forms of transmission amongst both pastoralists and hunter-gatherers.Bira, Temechegn G. - Cultural Learning Among Pastoralist Children, 2023 - 2 Variables

    This paper examines patterns of cultural learning in pastoralist societies and compares them to those found in hunter-gatherer societies. The study analyzed 198 texts from 13 pastoralist cultures in the eHRAF World Cultures database and found that most cultural skills and knowledge were acquired in early childhood, with parents and non-parental adults as the primary sources of transmission. Teaching was the most common form of learning across all age groups, with minimal variation in transmission between different age groups. While similarities were found between the cultural learning patterns of pastoralists and hunter-gatherers, pastoralists were less likely to mention learning from peers and more likely to mention learning via local enhancement and stimulus enhancement. The importance of teaching did not increase with age in pastoralist societies, unlike in hunter-gatherer societies.

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  6. Vertical transmission is the dominant mode of learning among pastoralists.Bira, Temechegn G. - Cultural Learning Among Pastoralist Children, 2023 - 1 Variables

    This paper examines patterns of cultural learning in pastoralist societies and compares them to those found in hunter-gatherer societies. The study analyzed 198 texts from 13 pastoralist cultures in the eHRAF World Cultures database and found that most cultural skills and knowledge were acquired in early childhood, with parents and non-parental adults as the primary sources of transmission. Teaching was the most common form of learning across all age groups, with minimal variation in transmission between different age groups. While similarities were found between the cultural learning patterns of pastoralists and hunter-gatherers, pastoralists were less likely to mention learning from peers and more likely to mention learning via local enhancement and stimulus enhancement. The importance of teaching did not increase with age in pastoralist societies, unlike in hunter-gatherer societies.

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  7. Teaching accounts for the majority of cultural transmission among hunter gatherers across all domains (27).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  8. Males are more likely to teach than females (29).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  9. Prestige biased oblique transmission will be widespread and important among hunter-gatherers (31).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  10. The teaching process of cultural transmission is most associated with childhood (29).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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