Found 3086 Hypotheses across 309 Pages (0.008 seconds)
  1. The teaching process of cultural transmission is most associated with childhood (29).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  2. Early childhood and middle childhood is most associated with learning skills and knowledge related to subsistence (28).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  3. Adolescence is most associated with learning religious skills and beliefs than any other domain of learning (28).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  4. Stratified societies will be positively associated with females marrying up.Barthes, Julien - Human social stratification and hypergyny: toward an understanding of male h..., 2013 - 5 Variables

    Researchers sampled 48 societies cross-culturally to study the genetic survival of male homosexual preference, which is argued to be deleterious in nature due to its fertility costs. The researchers test for a sexually antagonistic factor that would produce a pleotropic advantage, such as male homosexual preference increasing the reproduction of sisters. Utilizing theoretical models, researchers assert that the survival of male homosexual preference is a result of the positive association between social stratification and discriminate female hypergyny due to selection for attractiveness in females.

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  5. Across domains of cultural transmission, religion, subsistence skills, miscellaneous skills, and ecology are male-biased (29).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  6. Some dimensions of leadership will vary across group context, subsistence strategy, continental region, and leader sex.Garfield, Zachary H. - Universal and variable leadership dimensions across human societies, 2020 - 5 Variables

    This study seeks to better understand different forms of leadership across non-WEIRD (Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, and Democratic) societies, and tests evolutionary theories regarding the qualities of leaders, their functions, and the costs and benefits they incur and provide as a part of their leadership. The authors assess the various aspects of leaders and leadership by coding 109 dimensions of leadership as represented in eHRAF World Cultures, using the Probability Sample Files, comprised on 60 cultures. By assessing the prevalence of each of these dimensions in the various cultures under consideration, the authors were able to ascertain some largely universal characteristics of leaders: that they 1) were judged intelligent and knowledgeable; 2) resolved conflicts; and 3) received material and social benefits. They also found that other dimensions varied by considerably group context (e.g., kin group leaders tended to be older), subsistence strategy (e.g., hunter-gatherer leaders tend to lack coercive authority), and gender (e.g., female leaders are more associated with family contexts). Further analyses showed that followers and leaders both benefited from leadership, and that shamans constitute a new brand of leader that both utilizes prestige and dominance in order to effectively rule.

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  7. Teaching accounts for the majority of cultural transmission among hunter gatherers across all domains (27).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  8. Males are more likely to teach than females (29).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  9. Vertical and oblique transmission are the most common forms of cultural transmission among hunter-gatherers (26).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 1 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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  10. Males are more likely to acquire cultural information horizontally and obliquely than females (29).Garfield, Zachary H. - A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Hunter-Gatherer Social Learning, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Social scientists are equivocal as to the importance of teaching (as contrasted with other forms of learning) in traditional societies. While many cultural anthropologists have downplayed the importance of teaching, cognitive psychologists often argue that teaching is a salient human universal. Here the authors investigate cultural transmission among 23 hunter-gatherer populations to explore the relative importance of teaching among foragers.

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