Found 2048 Hypotheses across 205 Pages (0.009 seconds)
  1. Monotheism and dependence nurturance during childhood will be inversely related on a societal level. "Societies in which independence is stressed during childhood were hypothesized to evidence monotheistic beliefs, while societies in which dependence is nurtured were expected not to evidence monotheism (p.176)."Terry, Roger L. - Dependence nurturance and monotheism: a cross-cultural study, 1971 - 8 Variables

    The main premise of the present study is to investigate the relationship between monotheism and dependence nurturance during early childhood and adulthood. Terry notes the human need to explain and understand the world, and theorizes that this understanding derives from personal experience, learned information, and supernatural explanation. Terry tests the hypothesis that supernatural explanations (monothestic beliefs) will be formulated if individuals cannot depend on their own experiences and/or others to reduce uncertainty (a result of independence training).

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  2. Societies in the cassava belt of Africa with landholding kinship groups will rely more on cassava than other societies. Proximity to market towns (or transportation) and population pressure will favor the market economy and are inimical to the continuing existence of such societal characteristics (p.102).Romanoff, Steven - Cassava production and processing in a cross-cultural sample of african soci..., 1992 - 6 Variables

    This exploratory study seeks to explain cassava production and processing in Africa by considering cultural, agronomic, and environmental data. After examining the descriptive results of the agricultural and social contexts of cassava use, the authors build upon Boserup's population density model (1965) to analyze their own hypothesized model of cassava's importance among the sampled societies.

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  3. Variation in paternal care within a species will be correlated with variation in socioecological conditions (157).Katz, Mary Maxwell - The role of the father: an anthropological perspective, 1981 - 4 Variables

    This chapter examines the relationship between male parental behavior and influences of species, ecological and social factors. The authors first present a cross-phylogenetic perspective on paternal differences between species, then offer two quantitative studies: a comparative study of non-western human societies that correlates father-infant proximity with socioecological factors and another about father-infant proximity among the !Kung.

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  4. "Hunting and fishing societies will be likely to use dreams to seek and control supernatural powers, while societies with both agriculture and animal husbandry will be less likely to use dreams in this fashion. Societies with either agriculture or animal husbandry, but not both, should fall between these two extremes" (325).D'Andrade, Roy G. - Anthropological studies of dreams, 1961 - 2 Variables

    This article proposes that societal factors that cause anxiety concerning isolation and self-reliance leads to a preoccupation with dreams. Authors test associations between subsistence economy and marital residence and the use of dreams to seek and control supernatural powers.

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  5. Societies with slavery and/or stratification will be more likely to have possession trance (50).Greenbaum, Lenora - Societal correlates of possession trance in sub-saharan africa, 1973 - 3 Variables

    This study examines correlates of possession trance among cultures in sub-Saharan Africa. Several variables were tested (including community organization, marriage form, family form, and settlement pattern) but only a few were related to possession trance. Results indicate that the presence of slavery, stratification, and role and structure differentiation are significantly associated with possession trance.

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  6. The prevalence of possession trance is correlated with measures of social complexity, rigidity, and separation in gender participation.Rácz, Péter - Possession trance covaries with measures of social rigidity in the Ethnograp..., 2023 - 5 Variables

    Anthropologists have claimed that possession trance– an altered state of consciousness from spirit possession– is a psychosocial phenomenon. In particular, they argue that it is related to levels of social complexity, rigidity, and separation in gender participation. The author tests this claim through Bayesian hierarchical generalized linear models and phylogenetic comparative methods, but finds that possession trance is only correlated with social complexity and rigidity, not separation in gender participation.

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  7. "We expected to find that societies with institutionalized forms of Trance were more likely to be those coded by D'Andrade as having the use of dreams to seek and control supernatural powers than those that do not have institutionalized forms of Trance" (418)Bourguignon, Erika - Dreams and altered states of consciousness in anthropological research, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This chapter reviews various ethnographic and psychological studies of dreaming and hypothesizes about the relationship between institutionalized forms of trance and the use of dreams. Results show that societies with institutionalized forms of trance are more likely to use dreams to seek and control supernatural powers.

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  8. "The following variables of societal organization significantly distinguish monogamous from polygynous societies: (1) type of subsistence economy; (2) system of social stratification; (3) level of political integration; (4) pattern of settlement . . ." (10)Osmond, Marie W. - Toward monogamy: a cross-cultural study of correlates of type of marriage, 1965 - 5 Variables

    This study presents a sociological theory of marriage type based on socioeconomic organization. Results suggest that intensive agriculture, more stratification, greater political integration, a fixed settlement pattern, a larger population, and greater labor specialization tended to be correlates of monogamy.

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  9. Numerous hypotheses are tested relating residential mobility, residential distance moved, and distance moved from residential sites.Kelly, Robert L. - Hunter-gatherer mobility strategies, 1983 - 3 Variables

    This article examines the relationship between hunter-gatherer mobility and resource distribution. Several environmental and mobility variables are defined. Data suggest that the extent to which a group of hunter-gatherers emphasizes residential or logistic mobility is closely related to the structure of resources in their environment.

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  10. "The further a son moves away from his parents at marriage, the more likely a society is to use dreams to seek and control supernatural powers" (322).D'Andrade, Roy G. - Anthropological studies of dreams, 1961 - 2 Variables

    This article proposes that societal factors that cause anxiety concerning isolation and self-reliance leads to a preoccupation with dreams. Authors test associations between subsistence economy and marital residence and the use of dreams to seek and control supernatural powers.

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