Found 1531 Hypotheses across 154 Pages (0.01 seconds)
  1. Adding three additional variables-little formalized leadership, natural disasters, and state-level organization- to the eastern African comparison would lead to a replication of the Ember et al. (1992) findings.Carol R. Ember - Warfare, atrocities, and political participation: eastern Africa, 2018 - 11 Variables

    The present study attempts to replicate the Ember, Ember, and Russett (1992) worldwide finding that fighting rarely occurs between democracies in a sample of eastern African societies. Following the earlier study, the authors considered internal warfare to be an analog of international warfare and measures of political participation analogous to democracy. The researchers also explore if there is an association between political participation and committing atrocities. Contrary to past findings, internal warfare was not predicted by the same set of variables as the 1992 study, but there is an inverse relationship between committing atrocities and political participation. However, when additional variables were added, internal warfare was significantly predicted by less political participation.

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  2. There will be a replication of the Ember et al. (1992) internal warfare worldwide findings in eastern African societies.Carol R. Ember - Warfare, atrocities, and political participation: eastern Africa, 2018 - 9 Variables

    The present study attempts to replicate the Ember, Ember, and Russett (1992) worldwide finding that fighting rarely occurs between democracies in a sample of eastern African societies. Following the earlier study, the authors considered internal warfare to be an analog of international warfare and measures of political participation analogous to democracy. The researchers also explore if there is an association between political participation and committing atrocities. Contrary to past findings, internal warfare was not predicted by the same set of variables as the 1992 study, but there is an inverse relationship between committing atrocities and political participation. However, when additional variables were added, internal warfare was significantly predicted by less political participation.

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  3. "Political units with wider political participation engage in less warfare with one another than do less participatory political units" (579).Ember, Carol R. - Peace between participatory polities: a cross-cultural test of the "democrac..., 1992 - 9 Variables

    This article tests the effects of variables associated with political participation on the frequency of internal warfare. Findings suggest support for the hypothesis that democracies rarely fight each other.

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  4. When included in a model testing the relationship between several variables and frequency of internal warfare, food production will be a significant predictor of internal warfare frequency (12).Ember, Carol R. - Violence in the ethnographic record: results of cross-cultural research on w..., 1997 - 8 Variables

    This paper reviews the results of the author's cross-cultural studies of war and aggression and their implications for prehistory.

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  5. When tested individually, each of the twelve variables included in the composite "authoritarian governance" variable in the cross-cultural sample will be predicted by pathogen prevalence (5).Murray, Damian R. - Pathogens and politics: further evidence that parasite prevalence predicts a..., 2013 - 16 Variables

    This article employs cross-national and cross-cultural methods to investigate whether pathogen stress is a direct determinant of authoritarianism. The study controls on other factors such as famine, warfare, and malnutrition and evaluates alternative causal models.

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  6. The frequency of warfare will be negatively associated with consultation, checks on power, removal of leaders, extent of political participation, and absence of fission and positively associated with population (108).Russett, Bruce - The democratic peace in nonindustrial societies, 1993 - 7 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between political participation and warfare, suggesting that checks on power, removal of leaders, extent of political participation, and absence of fission will be negatively associated with the frequency of warfare. This hypothesis was supported with empirical analysis.

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  7. Concentration of political power will be negatively associated with adults' political involvement in preindustrial societies (80).Ross, Marc Howard - Political organization and political participation: exit, voice, and loyalty..., 1988 - 2 Variables

    This article examines causes of political participation in pre-industrial societies, particularly the level of resources and organization of resources. Hirschman’s concepts of exit, voice, and loyalty are also discussed. A distinction is made between range of community decision-making and the degree of adult involvement. Results from a multiple regression analysis favor the more structural variables (i.e. organization of resources) in the prediction of political participation.

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  8. "As the political complexity of a society as a whole increases, so does the number of political offices within its constituent communities" (43)Befu, Harumi - Political complexity and village community: test of an hypothesis, 1966 - 2 Variables

    This article examines how an increase in overall societal complexity affects local political offices. Findings suggest that a more complex society has a slight tendency to develop more political offices within the community, but there is greater support for an increased number of jurisdictional levels within the community.

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  9. Concentration of political power will be positively associated with range of political decision making and the strength of cross-cutting ties in preindustrial societies (80).Ross, Marc Howard - Political organization and political participation: exit, voice, and loyalty..., 1988 - 3 Variables

    This article examines causes of political participation in pre-industrial societies, particularly the level of resources and organization of resources. Hirschman’s concepts of exit, voice, and loyalty are also discussed. A distinction is made between range of community decision-making and the degree of adult involvement. Results from a multiple regression analysis favor the more structural variables (i.e. organization of resources) in the prediction of political participation.

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  10. "The greater the limitations society places on the open expression of opposition, the more likely the occurrence of annual rituals of conflict" (857).Dirks, Robert - Annual rituals of conflict, 1988 - 5 Variables

    This article explores the factors that predict rituals of conflict. Hypotheses are derived from Gluckman's analysis of Southeast African rituals of rebellion and are tested against a cross-cultural sample.

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