Found 1905 Hypotheses across 191 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. A legacy of rice farming will be negatively correlated with democratic values.Ang, James B. - Rice farming, culture and democracy, 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors propose that societies with a tradition of rice farming are less likely to develop a democracy than societies with a tradition of wheat farming. They base their predictions on the theory that wheat farming, as opposed to rice farming, does not require extensive community collaboration and promotes individualism, which then in turn promotes democracy. Their findings were robustly consistent with their predictions. The authors used multiple controls in their analyses, including religion, economic development, geography, and local democratic practices.

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  2. A legacy of rice farming will be negatively correlated with the degree of individualism in a society.Ang, James B. - Rice farming, culture and democracy, 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors propose that societies with a tradition of rice farming are less likely to develop a democracy than societies with a tradition of wheat farming. They base their predictions on the theory that wheat farming, as opposed to rice farming, does not require extensive community collaboration and promotes individualism, which then in turn promotes democracy. Their findings were robustly consistent with their predictions. The authors used multiple controls in their analyses, including religion, economic development, geography, and local democratic practices.

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  3. The degree of individualism within a society will be positively correlated with the tendency for that society to develop democracy.Ang, James B. - Rice farming, culture and democracy, 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors propose that societies with a tradition of rice farming are less likely to develop a democracy than societies with a tradition of wheat farming. They base their predictions on the theory that wheat farming, as opposed to rice farming, does not require extensive community collaboration and promotes individualism, which then in turn promotes democracy. Their findings were robustly consistent with their predictions. The authors used multiple controls in their analyses, including religion, economic development, geography, and local democratic practices.

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  4. Trade (using ecological diversity as a proxy measure) across ecological boundaries is associated with local democracy.Fenske, James - Ecology, trade, and states in pre-colonial Africa, 2014 - 2 Variables

    The author analyzes 440 Sub-Saharan African societies to test whether trade across ecologically diverse zones is predictive of degree of state centralization (state capacity or strength of state) in pre-colonial Africa. The author finds that diverse ecology is predictive of state capacity and that trade supports class stratification. The author also emphasizes the importance of historical contingency and ethnographic data consultation in understanding mechanisms in individual cases.

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  5. Consanguinity (marriage and subsequent mating between second cousins or closer relatives) is negatively correlated with level of democracy.Woodley, Michael A. - Consanguinity as a Major Predictor of Levels of Democracy: A Study of 70 Nations, 2013 - 2 Variables

    While it is widely accepted that there are a multitude of variables that contribute to a society’s level of democracy, the authors of this study argue that the prevalence of consanguinity is one that is often overlooked. Using a sample of 70 nations, they tested the relationship between consanguinity (defined as marriage and subsequent mating between second cousins or closer relatives) and level of democracy (defined by both the Polity IV scale and the EIU Index) and found a significant negative relationship. Similarly, when controlled for a host of different variables in multiple regression analysis, the significant relationship between consanguinity and level of democracy held true.

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  6. Polygyny will be negatively associated with democracy at the upper level of political organization (190, 202).Korotayev, Andrey V. - Polygyny and democracy: a cross-cultural comparison, 2000 - 2 Variables

    This study investigates the relationship between domestic organization (i.e. family structure and size) and democracy at both the communal and supracommunal levels. The authors suggest that the prevalence of independent monogamous families in Europe in the Late Middle Ages may have facilitated the political evolution toward democracy.

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  7. Consanguinity is a significant predictor of the level of democracy present when controlled for occupation by foreign power, median age, and pathogen index.Woodley, Michael A. - Consanguinity as a Major Predictor of Levels of Democracy: A Study of 70 Nations, 2013 - 4 Variables

    While it is widely accepted that there are a multitude of variables that contribute to a society’s level of democracy, the authors of this study argue that the prevalence of consanguinity is one that is often overlooked. Using a sample of 70 nations, they tested the relationship between consanguinity (defined as marriage and subsequent mating between second cousins or closer relatives) and level of democracy (defined by both the Polity IV scale and the EIU Index) and found a significant negative relationship. Similarly, when controlled for a host of different variables in multiple regression analysis, the significant relationship between consanguinity and level of democracy held true.

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  8. Traditions of local democracy will be positively associated with more democratic national institutions (86).Giuliano, Paola - The transmission of democracy: from the village to the nation-state, 2013 - 2 Variables

    This paper adds to a body of research which analyzes the persistence of institutional features in societies over time by testing for association between local democracy (succession by consensus among preindustrial groups) and various measures of democracy in contemporary societies. The researchers conclude that beliefs and values which perceive democracy as a viable political structure may be an important mediating mechanism in producing and maintaining democratic instututions over time.

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  9. Societies with more religious laws in the past are less democratic.Bentzen, Jeanet Sinding - The power of religion, 2022 - 2 Variables

    This paper seeks to understand the extent to which religion has been used to legitimize political power in the past, and the extent to which that carries into contemporary institutions. The authors seek to demonstrate that there is a strong link between the stratification of societies in the past and the presence of autocracies in many of those same areas today. They make their case by putting forward, and testing, three linked theories -- first, that stratified societies are more likely to develop religions based on moralizing high gods as a means of divine legitimization, second, that the societies that used religion for legitimacy in their past are more likely to have religion embedded in their institutions today, and third, that societies that used religion for legitimacy in the past are more likely to be autocracies today.

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  10. Jusidictional hierarchy will be correlated with the democraticness of traditional political systems in Africa.Neupert-Wentz, Clara - The democraticness of traditional political systems in Africa, 2021 - 2 Variables

    Using a new expert survey, the authors explore the democraticness of traditional political systems (TPS) in 159 ethnic groups in Africa. Their initial analysis finds that measures of public preference input and political process control are particularly strong contributors to the degree that a society may develop democracy in their TPS. They also find that societies with powerful elders are more likely to be democratic, while more hierarchically organized political systems and those with kings, chiefs, and segmentary lineages are less likely.

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