Found 2154 Hypotheses across 216 Pages (0.008 seconds)
  1. Increased frequency of natural hazards will be associated with increased subsistence diversity.Ember, Carol R. - Resource stress and subsistence diversification across societies, 2020 - 3 Variables

    Using a cross-cultural sample of 91 societies, this paper draws on ecological theory to test if unpredictable environments will favor subsistence diversification. The general hypothesis is that societies with high climate unpredictability and resource stress would exhibit more subsistence diversity than societies in more stable climates. The authors examined four environmental and resource stress variables while controlling for temperature variance, subsistence activity, and phylogeny. Support was found for 2 of the 4 variables--chronic scarcity and environmental instability. In the discussion they suggest that more commonly observed events (e.g. annual hunger and climate unpredictability) may give people more motivation to change subsistence than rarer events (e.g. natural hazards and famine).

    Related HypothesesCite
  2. Increased frequency of famine will be associated with increased subsistence diversity.Ember, Carol R. - Resource stress and subsistence diversification across societies, 2020 - 3 Variables

    Using a cross-cultural sample of 91 societies, this paper draws on ecological theory to test if unpredictable environments will favor subsistence diversification. The general hypothesis is that societies with high climate unpredictability and resource stress would exhibit more subsistence diversity than societies in more stable climates. The authors examined four environmental and resource stress variables while controlling for temperature variance, subsistence activity, and phylogeny. Support was found for 2 of the 4 variables--chronic scarcity and environmental instability. In the discussion they suggest that more commonly observed events (e.g. annual hunger and climate unpredictability) may give people more motivation to change subsistence than rarer events (e.g. natural hazards and famine).

    Related HypothesesCite
  3. Environmental stability will be negatively correlated with subsistence diversity.Ember, Carol R. - Resource stress and subsistence diversification across societies, 2020 - 3 Variables

    Using a cross-cultural sample of 91 societies, this paper draws on ecological theory to test if unpredictable environments will favor subsistence diversification. The general hypothesis is that societies with high climate unpredictability and resource stress would exhibit more subsistence diversity than societies in more stable climates. The authors examined four environmental and resource stress variables while controlling for temperature variance, subsistence activity, and phylogeny. Support was found for 2 of the 4 variables--chronic scarcity and environmental instability. In the discussion they suggest that more commonly observed events (e.g. annual hunger and climate unpredictability) may give people more motivation to change subsistence than rarer events (e.g. natural hazards and famine).

    Related HypothesesCite
  4. There will be a correlation between dry climates and resource stress.Ember, Carol R. - Climate Variability, Drought, and the Belief that High Gods Are Associated w..., 2021 - 6 Variables

    The authors of this study explore the relationship between climate variability and beliefs that high gods are associated with the weather. As predicted, they find significant correlations between these beliefs and dry climates. They then evaluate how these findings contribute to their previous understanding of resource stress and its association to beliefs in high gods.

    Related HypothesesCite
  5. There will be a correlation between climates with extreme cold or hot temperatures and resource stress.Ember, Carol R. - Climate Variability, Drought, and the Belief that High Gods Are Associated w..., 2021 - 7 Variables

    The authors of this study explore the relationship between climate variability and beliefs that high gods are associated with the weather. As predicted, they find significant correlations between these beliefs and dry climates. They then evaluate how these findings contribute to their previous understanding of resource stress and its association to beliefs in high gods.

    Related HypothesesCite
  6. Unpredictable scarcity will be more predictive of higher warfare frequency than chronic scarcity (37).Ember, Carol R. - Risk, uncertainty, and violence in eastern Africa: a regional comparison, 2012 - 2 Variables

    This article examines resource problems and warfare in a sample of societies from eastern Africa. The frequency and predictability of resource problems are examined, as are two other dimensions of warfare: resource-taking and commission of atrocities. Differences between state and nonstate societies, as well as pacified and non-pacified societies, are also examined and shown to affect associations between resource and warfare variables.

    Related HypothesesCite
  7. Climate independently predicts high god weather association when controlling on resource stress.Ember, Carol R. - Climate Variability, Drought, and the Belief that High Gods Are Associated w..., 2021 - 4 Variables

    The authors of this study explore the relationship between climate variability and beliefs that high gods are associated with the weather. As predicted, they find significant correlations between these beliefs and dry climates. They then evaluate how these findings contribute to their previous understanding of resource stress and its association to beliefs in high gods.

    Related HypothesesCite
  8. Subsistence type, environmental conditions, and spatial distance between societies will all be associated with the distribution of drought-coping strategies.Biagetti, Stefano - Quantitative Analysis of Drought Management Strategies across Ethnographical..., 2021 - 4 Variables

    In this pilot study, the authors investigate the relationships between both subsistence types and environmental conditions, and various coping mechanisms for drought in 35 societies in Africa. Using Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA), they find subsistence strategies to have a more significant correlation with the distribution of coping strategies for drought than environmental conditions.

    Related HypothesesCite
  9. Subsistence type will be associated with the distribution of drought-coping strategies.Biagetti, Stefano - Quantitative Analysis of Drought Management Strategies across Ethnographical..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this pilot study, the authors investigate the relationships between both subsistence types and environmental conditions, and various coping mechanisms for drought in 35 societies in Africa. Using Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA), they find subsistence strategies to have a more significant correlation with the distribution of coping strategies for drought than environmental conditions.

    Related HypothesesCite
  10. Climate and subsistence type will be associated with the percentage of animal foods in the diet.Pontzer, Herman - Effects of Evolution, Ecology, and Economy on Human Diet: Insights from Hunt..., 2021 - 3 Variables

    This study, primarily a review on the evolution of the human diet, also includes a small study on the distribution of meat-eating and its relationship with climate and cultural factors, namely subsistence type. The authors find that societies with subsistence strategies that prioritize fishing, hunting, or pastoralism also tend to consume more animal products, whereas those that focus on agriculture have more plant-based diets. The authors argue that these small-scale societies have a healthier approach to diet than industrialized societies regardless of their subsistence type or meat consumption.

    Related HypothesesCite