Found 2622 Hypotheses across 263 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. Historical rainfall variation will have a negative relationship with individual responsibility at a country level.Davis, Lewis - Individual responsibility and economic development: evidence from rainfall data, 2016 - 2 Variables

    Drawing from risk sharing theory, this paper used data from 89 countries to examine the relationship between historic rainfall variation (before 1900) and the emergence of collectivism in, assumed to be, preindustrial societies. Contemporary values of individualistic responsibilities were used under the assumption that they will reflect preindustrial values. Findings support the hypothesis that countries with greater rainfall variation will have less individualism than countries with less rainfall variation. The author then examined rainfall variation and individual responsibility as a proposed catalyst for economic development. Support was found that as individualism increased, so did the economic development of a country.

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  2. Greater UV-R exposure will be negatively correlated with individualism sub-nationally.Fredriksson, Per G. - Sunlight and culture, 2021 - 2 Variables

    This article used sub-national, historical and cross-country data to examine if exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UV-R) could be a factor in the formation of individualism and collectivism. The study found support, across all data sets, that increased exposure to UV-R is associated to more collectivism within a culture. The authors theorized that UV-R exposure increases the likelihood of eye disease causing higher rates of blindness. With increased levels of blindness, the more emphasis there will be on close family relations and/or increased uncertainty avoidance from out-groups leading to more collectivism in a culture.

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  3. Greater UV-R exposure will be negatively correlated with individualism in pre-industrial societies.Fredriksson, Per G. - Sunlight and culture, 2021 - 2 Variables

    This article used sub-national, historical and cross-country data to examine if exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UV-R) could be a factor in the formation of individualism and collectivism. The study found support, across all data sets, that increased exposure to UV-R is associated to more collectivism within a culture. The authors theorized that UV-R exposure increases the likelihood of eye disease causing higher rates of blindness. With increased levels of blindness, the more emphasis there will be on close family relations and/or increased uncertainty avoidance from out-groups leading to more collectivism in a culture.

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  4. Greater UV-R exposure will be negatively correlated with individualism on a cross-country level.Fredriksson, Per G. - Sunlight and culture, 2021 - 2 Variables

    This article used sub-national, historical and cross-country data to examine if exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UV-R) could be a factor in the formation of individualism and collectivism. The study found support, across all data sets, that increased exposure to UV-R is associated to more collectivism within a culture. The authors theorized that UV-R exposure increases the likelihood of eye disease causing higher rates of blindness. With increased levels of blindness, the more emphasis there will be on close family relations and/or increased uncertainty avoidance from out-groups leading to more collectivism in a culture.

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  5. Personal responsibility for climate change will be positively associated with economic developmentJakucionyte-Skodiene, Migle - Climate change concern, personal responsibility and actions related to clima..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand the cultural and economic determinants of climate change concern and personal responsibility in climate change mitigation efforts. They do this by analyzing data on these topics drawn from survey participants from every European Union (EU) country. The paper is primarily concerned with cultural predictors (following Hofstede's (2001) cultural dimensions), levels of development, and personal impacts of climate change mitigation efforts.

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  6. Climate change concern will be positively associated with economic developmentJakucionyte-Skodiene, Migle - Climate change concern, personal responsibility and actions related to clima..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand the cultural and economic determinants of climate change concern and personal responsibility in climate change mitigation efforts. They do this by analyzing data on these topics drawn from survey participants from every European Union (EU) country. The paper is primarily concerned with cultural predictors (following Hofstede's (2001) cultural dimensions), levels of development, and personal impacts of climate change mitigation efforts.

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  7. Climate change mitigation actions will be positively associated with economic developmentJakucionyte-Skodiene, Migle - Climate change concern, personal responsibility and actions related to clima..., 2021 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand the cultural and economic determinants of climate change concern and personal responsibility in climate change mitigation efforts. They do this by analyzing data on these topics drawn from survey participants from every European Union (EU) country. The paper is primarily concerned with cultural predictors (following Hofstede's (2001) cultural dimensions), levels of development, and personal impacts of climate change mitigation efforts.

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  8. Resource density is positively correlated with type of tenure system.Moritz, Mark - Comparative Study of Territoriality across Forager Societies, 2020 - 7 Variables

    Researchers investigated the variation of land tenure systems across forager societies using the economic defensibility model. The study attempted to explain the variation in tenure systems across 30 hunter-gatherer societies. Using data on defense and sharing of resources among groups, and indicators of resource density, resource predictability, and competition for resources, the researchers were unable to explain the variation. This study highlights the vast range of diversity and complexity of foragers subsistence strategies, and proposes that it may be more telling to conceptualize tenure systems among hunter-gatherer societies as assemblages of multiple property regimes. While there was no overall evidence that environmental variables of resource density and predictability explain variation in tenure systems, researchers did find that increasing population density, and greater competition for resources leads to greater territoriality.

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  9. Greater ancestral irrigation potential is associated with higher contemporary male labor force participation.Fredriksson, Per G. - Irrigation and gender roles, 2023 - 2 Variables

    This paper suggests that ancestral irrigation is linked to lower levels of contemporary female labor force participation. The hypothesis is tested using cross-country data, as well as data from various surveys. The study finds evidence that the gender-based division of labor in pre-modern agriculture may be the mechanism behind this relationship, and that cultural transmission across generations, particularly through males, may play a role in perpetuating this pattern.

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  10. High land productivity variation will be associated with less language difference between neighboring ethnic groups.Dickens, Andrew - Understanding ethnolinguistic differences: The roles of geography and trade, 2021 - 2 Variables

    This paper examines the relationship of productive variation in land between ethnic groups to determine if an increased range of producible goods will increase trade, thus decreasing language diversity between neighboring groups. The author initially found that high-variation in land production lessened the diversity of language between ethnic groups in that area. To further test this correlation, the author found that high-productive variation increased trade and exogamous marriage and decreased inter-ethnic conflict. Based on these findings, the author suggests that neighboring ethnic languages co-evolved through the economic benefit of inter-ethnic trade and social interaction.

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