Found 2356 Hypotheses across 236 Pages (0.007 seconds)
  1. Dependency on herding will be predictive of themes of violence and punishment in pre-industrial societies. (5)Cao, Yiming - Herding, Warfare, and a Culture of Honor: Global Evidence, 2021 - 3 Variables

    The authors of this study globally test the culture of honor hypothesis, which proposes that societies with traditional herding practices developed value systems that encourage revenge and violence. Because their livelihood depends on a mobile asset, herders are more vulnerable to theft and may be more likely to turn to violence or aggressiveness to defend their animals. The authors found dependence on herding to be significantly associated with both past and contemporary conflict and punishment.

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  2. Ancestors' dependence on herding will be predictive of the frequency and severity of armed conflict in contemporary societies. (5)Cao, Yiming - Herding, Warfare, and a Culture of Honor: Global Evidence, 2021 - 2 Variables

    The authors of this study globally test the culture of honor hypothesis, which proposes that societies with traditional herding practices developed value systems that encourage revenge and violence. Because their livelihood depends on a mobile asset, herders are more vulnerable to theft and may be more likely to turn to violence or aggressiveness to defend their animals. The authors found dependence on herding to be significantly associated with both past and contemporary conflict and punishment.

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  3. "Community pattern (archaeologically defined) . . . can help predict [these] sociocultural traits: communal or private real estate, shared or hoarded goods, property at death destroyed or inherited, craftsmen, extent of trade, taxes, coercive power, kin-based community or larger, law, political hierarchy, army, religion or magic, ethical supernatural, complex supernatural, spirits or gods, shamans or priests, religious hierarchy, individual or common ritual, group ceremony frequency, simple or elaborate funerals" (197-200)McNett, Charles W., Jr. - A cross-cultural method for predicting nonmaterial traits in archeology, 1970 - 21 Variables

    "This paper presents an exploratory attempt to solve the problem of how to infer traits for which no direct material evidence remains." The author suggests that the archeologically defined community pattern can predict several sociocultural traits. Results support this hypothesis.

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  4. High dependence on herding animals will be associated with mobilityEmber, Carol R. - Predictors of Land Privatization: Cross-Cultural Tests of Defendability and ..., 2020 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to understand the predictors of land privatization by empirically testing defendability and resource stress theory. By drawing on previous research they are able to test these theories in more expansive and nuanced ways. They conclude that they have found strong support for defendability theory.

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  5. Animal husbandry will be more likely to be a dominant subsistence strategy in regions with less productive environments (8)Gavin, Michael C. - The global geography of human subsistence, 2018 - 2 Variables

    In this article, the authors seek to determine cross-culturally valid predictors of dominant types of human subsistence around the world. They did this by formulating multiple models that incorporate different combinations of environmental, geographic, and social factors. These models were then used to test various hypotheses posed throughout the anthropological literature surrounding factors that determine dominant subsistence strategies.

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  6. Separate marital property will be positively correlated with intimate partner violence in Sub-Saharan Africa.Anderson, Siwan - Intimate partner violence and female property rights, 2021 - 2 Variables

    This article studied the effects of common law in Sub-Saharan Africa on property rights of women and its relationship to intimate partner violence. The authors first compared intimate partner violence (IPV) in 593 ethnic groups with a separate marital property regime against groups with a community marital property regime. Then, the authors examined the correlation between women who justify IPV and the presence of a separate marital property regime. They found that separate marital property both increased the likelihood of intimate partner violence and the justification of IPV when compared to a community property regime. The authors use these findings to advocate for marital property rights reform to help reduce partner violence cases.

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  7. Separate marital property will be positively correlated with women justifying intimate partner violence in Sub-Saharan Africa.Anderson, Siwan - Intimate partner violence and female property rights, 2021 - 2 Variables

    This article studied the effects of common law in Sub-Saharan Africa on property rights of women and its relationship to intimate partner violence. The authors first compared intimate partner violence (IPV) in 593 ethnic groups with a separate marital property regime against groups with a community marital property regime. Then, the authors examined the correlation between women who justify IPV and the presence of a separate marital property regime. They found that separate marital property both increased the likelihood of intimate partner violence and the justification of IPV when compared to a community property regime. The authors use these findings to advocate for marital property rights reform to help reduce partner violence cases.

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  8. "Community pattern [archeologically defined] . . . can help predict [these] sociocultural traits: simple vs. elaborate religious paraphernalia, temples, and social classes"McNett, Charles W., Jr. - A cross-cultural method for predicting nonmaterial traits in archeology, 1970 - 4 Variables

    "This paper presents an exploratory attempt to solve the problem of how to infer traits for which no direct material evidence remains." The author suggests that the archeologically defined community pattern can predict several sociocultural traits. Results support this hypothesis.

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  9. The presence of horses, food storage, and formal resource ownership will each be negatively associated with a lack of class stratificationHooper, Paul L. - Gains to cooperation drive the evolution of egalitarianism, 2021 - 4 Variables

    This article is mainly concerned with understanding the motivators toward egalitarianism through modeling via a game that combined elements from both hawk-dove and prisoners dilemma. While most of the article is focused on this model, the researchers also tested their hypotheses cross-culturally on a sample of forager societies. In both cases, they found evidence that the benefits of cooperation drove egalitarianism.

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  10. The presence of hunting will be positively associated with a lack of class stratificationHooper, Paul L. - Gains to cooperation drive the evolution of egalitarianism, 2021 - 2 Variables

    This article is mainly concerned with understanding the motivators toward egalitarianism through modeling via a game that combined elements from both hawk-dove and prisoners dilemma. While most of the article is focused on this model, the researchers also tested their hypotheses cross-culturally on a sample of forager societies. In both cases, they found evidence that the benefits of cooperation drove egalitarianism.

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