Found 2564 Hypotheses across 257 Pages (0.031 seconds)
  1. "The frequency of a term in a single literary language correlates strongly with the earliness of that term in Berlin and Kay's evolutionary sequence" (1118)Hays, David G. - Color term salience, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This paper examines the Berlin-Kay color salience theory and offers four correlates of color salience: earliness of introduction, brevity of expression, frequency of use, and frequency of mention in ethnographic literature. All four correlations support the Berlin-Kay theory. The authors suggest that salience may be “an important general principle of cultural evolution” (1107).

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  2. The number of color terms in a society's language is strongly correlated with its level of social complexity (1118)Hays, David G. - Color term salience, 1972 - 2 Variables

    This paper examines the Berlin-Kay color salience theory and offers four correlates of color salience: earliness of introduction, brevity of expression, frequency of use, and frequency of mention in ethnographic literature. All four correlations support the Berlin-Kay theory. The authors suggest that salience may be “an important general principle of cultural evolution” (1107).

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  3. "In addition to the fact that the stages of complexity of color vocabulary have a temporal ordering, there appears to be a positive correlation between general cultural complexity and complexity of color vocabulary" (16)Berlin, Brent - Basic color terms: their universality and evolution, 1969 - 2 Variables

    The research presented in this book challenges the notion that languages develop color terms independently of other languages. Authors find a universal inventory of eleven basic color categories from which the basic color terms are drawn. Authors also find an apparent fixed sequence of evolutionary stages through which a language must pass as its color vocabulary increases. A postive correlation between cultural complexity and complexity of color vocabulary is observed.

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  4. "Measures of child rearing variables in later childhood . . . show a positive relation between anxiety about nonperformance of nurturance and references to odors [in folktales]" (5)Hines, Dwight - Possible rhinencephalic influences on human maternal behavior: a cross-cult..., 1974 - 2 Variables

    Authors study the correlation between maternal behavior and reference to odors in folktales. They find several significant relationships between odor references in folk tales, maternal behavior, and various aspects of infant and child socialization.

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  5. The salience of color categories in folk tales is positively associated with the evolutionary sequence proposed by Berlin and Kay (1969) (233).Bolton, Ralph - Color terms in folk tales: a cross-cultural study, 1979 - 2 Variables

    Using a sample derived from the available folk tale literature, researchers test whether the salience of color terms in folk tales follow the evolutionary sequence put forth by Berlin and Kay (1969). Results support the hypothesis.

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  6. Users of language systems with differing (relative vs. absolute) linguistic frames of reference will use correspondingly relative or absolute nonlinguistic spatial problem-solving strategies (574).Pederson, Eric - Semantic typology and spatial conceptualization, 1998 - 2 Variables

    The authors design and implement two tasks requiring linguistic and non-linguistic spatial reference across a linguistically-diverse sample in order to examine the relationship between language and cognition cross-culturally. The results, which indicate large conceptual variation in frame of spatial reference across as well as strong correlation between use of absolute descriptors and absolute cognitive representations within language communities, suggest that language structure may actively shape the systems of spatial representation available to different cultural groups.

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  7. "Of . . . child rearing practices in infancy references to odors [in folktales] correlates negatively with absence of pain inflicted by the nurturant agent" (4)Hines, Dwight - Possible rhinencephalic influences on human maternal behavior: a cross-cult..., 1974 - 2 Variables

    Authors study the correlation between maternal behavior and reference to odors in folktales. They find several significant relationships between odor references in folk tales, maternal behavior, and various aspects of infant and child socialization.

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  8. "References to odors [in folktales was positively correlated with] age of weaning" (5)Hines, Dwight - Possible rhinencephalic influences on human maternal behavior: a cross-cult..., 1974 - 2 Variables

    Authors study the correlation between maternal behavior and reference to odors in folktales. They find several significant relationships between odor references in folk tales, maternal behavior, and various aspects of infant and child socialization.

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  9. "Age of independence training . . . correlated negatively with references to odor [in folktales]" (5)Hines, Dwight - Possible rhinencephalic influences on human maternal behavior: a cross-cult..., 1974 - 2 Variables

    Authors study the correlation between maternal behavior and reference to odors in folktales. They find several significant relationships between odor references in folk tales, maternal behavior, and various aspects of infant and child socialization.

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  10. "The distribution of color term 'confusions' runs in geographic parallel with increasing skin and eye pigmentation. [This is] typically manifest in [confusing green and blue] or perceiving blue or green and blue as darker or black" (42, 69)Bornstein, Marc H. - The psychophysiological component of cultural difference in color naming and..., 1973 - 2 Variables

    This article examines the variation in color naming and susceptibility to visual illusions cross-culturally. Results suggest a geographic patterning of color naming and illusion susceptibility which parallels the distribution of eye pigmentation.

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