Found 1887 Hypotheses across 189 Pages (0.006 seconds)
  1. "Games of chance occur where . . . outcome . . . in the life situation [is] uncertain, not easily controlled by either physical skill or strategy in areas of environmental setting, food production, social and political interaction, marriage, war and religion" (143)Roberts, John M. - Cross-cultural correlates of games of chance, 1966 - 6 Variables

    Authors investigate the cross-cultural correlates of games of chance. They advance a "conflict-enculturation" model to explain why individuals choose to engage in games of chance in particular (as opposed to games of strategy or physical skill). They suggest that games of chance are linked to cultures with antecedent conflict and/or feelings of powerlessness in the presence of uncertainty; both are psychological stressors whose effects may be assuaged by play with uncertainty models in the form of games of chance.

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  2. The presence of horses, food storage, and formal resource ownership will each be negatively associated with a lack of class stratificationHooper, Paul L. - Gains to cooperation drive the evolution of egalitarianism, 2021 - 4 Variables

    This article is mainly concerned with understanding the motivators toward egalitarianism through modeling via a game that combined elements from both hawk-dove and prisoners dilemma. While most of the article is focused on this model, the researchers also tested their hypotheses cross-culturally on a sample of forager societies. In both cases, they found evidence that the benefits of cooperation drove egalitarianism.

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  3. Certain characteristics of societies will be significantly correlated in the same direction with both Simmons' (137) and Murdock's (1967) measures of private property ownership.Rudmin, Floyd Webster - Cross-Cultural Correlates of the Ownership of Private Property, 1992 - 25 Variables

    The present study aims to assess the reliability of Simmons' (1937) database of 109 variables coded for 71 societies. Simmons' data was evaluated against matching societies and variables from Murdock's (1967) Ethnographic Atlas. The ultimate purpose of Rudmin's analysis is to identify the features of societies that are correlated with the private ownership of property. To do so, Simmons' reliable variables are tested against four measures of property ownership, two from Simmons and two from Murdock. Rudmin discusses results and speculates why certain clusters of societal variables correlate with private property ownership.

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  4. Reputational punishments will be positively correlated with higher sociopolitical complexity, including more external trade, food storage, and more dependence on animal husbandry.Garfield, Zachary H. - Norm violations and punishments across human societies, 2023 - 2 Variables

    This study uses Bayesian phylogenetic regression modelling across 131 largely non-industrial societies to test how variation of punishment is impacted by social, economic, and political organization. The authors focus on the presence of norm violations and types of punishments, and explores their relationships. The norm violations include adultery, rape, religious violations, food violations, and war cowardice. While the types of punishment are reputational, material, physical, or education. This study suggests a hypothesis for each type of punishment in relation to socioecological variables.

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  5. Material punishments will be positively correlated to economic socioecological variables, including more external trade, food storage, and higher dependence on animal husbandry.Garfield, Zachary H. - Norm violations and punishments across human societies, 2023 - 2 Variables

    This study uses Bayesian phylogenetic regression modelling across 131 largely non-industrial societies to test how variation of punishment is impacted by social, economic, and political organization. The authors focus on the presence of norm violations and types of punishments, and explores their relationships. The norm violations include adultery, rape, religious violations, food violations, and war cowardice. While the types of punishment are reputational, material, physical, or education. This study suggests a hypothesis for each type of punishment in relation to socioecological variables.

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  6. Physical punishments will be correlated to all socioecological variables.Garfield, Zachary H. - Norm violations and punishments across human societies, 2023 - 2 Variables

    This study uses Bayesian phylogenetic regression modelling across 131 largely non-industrial societies to test how variation of punishment is impacted by social, economic, and political organization. The authors focus on the presence of norm violations and types of punishments, and explores their relationships. The norm violations include adultery, rape, religious violations, food violations, and war cowardice. While the types of punishment are reputational, material, physical, or education. This study suggests a hypothesis for each type of punishment in relation to socioecological variables.

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  7. Controlling on agriculture, climate, and region, recordkeeping will be positively associated with other types of impersonal exchange (902)Basu, Sudipta - Memory, transaction records, and the wealth of nations, 2009 - 5 Variables

    The history and diversity of recordkeeping worldwide is presented in connection with the effect of recordkeeping on social and economic development.

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  8. Controlling on agriculture, climate, and region, recordkeeping will be associated with increased impersonal exchange and specialization in division of labor (902-903)Basu, Sudipta - Memory, transaction records, and the wealth of nations, 2009 - 6 Variables

    The history and diversity of recordkeeping worldwide is presented in connection with the effect of recordkeeping on social and economic development.

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  9. "Societies with sex differences [in drinking] tend to have a nomadic or rural settlement pattern, economy based on hunting, less accumulation of food resources, stronger child training toward achievement and more punishment of child for failure to achieve" (59)Child, Irvin L. - A cross-cultural study of drinking: iii. sex differences, 1965 - 6 Variables

    This study examines sex differences in alcohol consumption, suggesting that they are related to a nomadic or rural settlement, low accumulation of food resources, and strong child training pressure toward achievement. The authors suggest that societal norms often limit drunkenness in women because women's responsibilities (such as childcare) would deter incapacity due to intoxication.

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  10. Population pressure will be positively associated with socioeconomic complexity in hunter-gatherer groups (376).Keeley, Lawrence H. - Hunter-gatherer economic complexity and “population pressure”: A cross-cultu..., 1988 - 2 Variables

    This study examines the relationship between population pressure and socioeconomic complexity in a cross-cultural sample of hunter-gatherer groups. The author suggests a causal component to the positive correlations found, arguing that increasing population pressure on food resources requires increasing storage dependence, which in turn drives sedentism and other indicators of socioeconomic complexity.

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