Carol R. Ember is President of the Human Relations Area Files at Yale University and the editor of the journal Cross-Cultural Research. Her current NSF grant projects include support for three years of Summer Institutes for Cross-Cultural Anthropological Research and a project (iKLEWS) to create semantic infrastructure and associated computer services for eHRAF World Cultures. She has served as President of the Society for Cross-Cultural Research, the President of the Society for Anthropological Sciences, and currently serves on the Executive Board of the Cultural Evolution Society. Most of her research career has been devoted to cross-cultural research on variation in marriage, family, kin groups, gender roles, predictors of war and other forms of violence. Most recently she has engaged in NSF-supported interdisciplinary research on how natural hazards and other resource stressors may transform culture. She is interested in research that integrates the fields of anthropology as well as anthropology with other disciplines. She is the first author (with Melvin Ember) of Cultural Anthropology, now in its 15th edition and Anthropology (with Melvin Ember and Peter N. Peregrine), now in its 15th edition. She and Melvin Ember also wrote a primer on how to do cross-cultural research (Cross-Cultural Research Methods), now in its 2nd edition.